In this research the essential role of in and out-of school factors, such as
textbooks, teaching methods, and family influence on creativity deyelopment were
studied among 2nd year female students in two of the junior high schools of Tehran.
The research questions were as follows:
1-Do textbooks contents have influence on students creativity
2- Do teachers teaching methods have influence on students creativity
3- Do parents child rearing methods have influence on childrens
Qualitative research methodology was used in this study. Methodological
triangulation, including interview, questionnaire, and content analysis were
utilized to collect data. The study included twenty students, twelve teachers, and six
Findings indicated that the authors of textbooks pay little attention to fostering
creativity through textbook materials.
The findings of the study on teaching methods illustrated that creative teachers
as opposed to non-creative ones, use different techniques to stimulate creativity in
students, including group discussion, asking stimulating questions, arranging Peer
tutoring and assigning research activities.
The study of parents child rearing methods, revealed that creative parents
consider their childrens abilities and talents, and reinforce their creativity. They
were quite optimistic about their childrens future and had a positive view ad
concept about their children.
Finally, the findings indicated that out of school factors, provide a more
suitable situation for creativity development among students compared to in school