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Journal: JOURNAL OF COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT (RURAL AND URBAN COMMUNITIES) (TOWSEE ROSTAEI) | Year:1389 | Volume:1 | Issue:2 (37) | Start Page:47 | End Page:78

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Title

OIL, CONTRAST, RESISTANCE AND DEPENDENCE: RESULTS OF TWO INVESTIGATIONS OF THE BAHREGAN AND ASSALUYEH

Writers

MOIDFAR SAID

Pages

 Start Page 47 | End Page 78

Abstract

 The transfer of technology from developed countries or regions to the less developed countries or regions has often been accompanied with economic and social problems. It also has resulted in indigenous people's reactions. This is because developmental models and those who apply them both aid an technological transfer and challenge the current values among indigenous people. This in turn, brings about dualism and RESISTANCE against changes. This paper seeks to support the above mentioned idea based on two quantitative and qualitative studies the writer has done in Assaluyeh and Bahregan, two Iranian oil districts. These studies indicate that, following the establishment of oil industries in the mentioned districts and the transfer of work force from developed regions to these deprived ones, modern and traditional identities have been confronted and a dual community has formed. Accordingly, the identity conflict has resulted in the cultural RESISTANCE of indigenous people against the immigrated people. They receive much welfare aids and facilities the Oil Company provides them and the same time feel the OIL INDUSTRY is the origin of their misfortune and problems.

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