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مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID1
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2010
  • Volume: 

    1
  • Issue: 

    2 (37)
  • Start Page: 

    1
  • End Page: 

    22
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    2
  • Views: 

    283
  • Downloads: 

    131
Abstract: 

United Nation Development Program has announced the 20th Human Development Report in 2010. This Report is devoted to rethinking of human development. In this article we review the changes in this concept during the last 20 years and analyze the viewpoints of Mahbub Ul Haq and Amartya Sen. Then we focus on Inglehart and Welzel's ideas that provide explanation of human development process. The research findings show that the concept of human development not only affects the goals and policies of development but also it influences the understanding of development process. However the liner explanations of Inglehart and Welzel from human development do not cover the whole subject. In real world conditions, socioeconomic development, cultural change and democratization are interwoven processes and one cannot say that human development begins with one of them and we believe that interdisciplinary research will be helpful to better understanding of these processes.

Yearly Impact:  

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Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2010
  • Volume: 

    1
  • Issue: 

    2 (37)
  • Start Page: 

    107
  • End Page: 

    124
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    4
  • Views: 

    302
  • Downloads: 

    174
Abstract: 

This study was undertaken with the aim to determine the facilitating and preventing factors in economic Enablement of rural women. In this descriptive cross-sectional study, 256 rural women in Hamedan County were selected through stratified sampling method. Researchers made questionnaire including questions about facilitating and preventing economic empowerment factors. Validity of the questionnaire was examined by a panel of rural development Experts, rural women and Tehran university professors. Using Cronbach’s-alpha formula, the reliability of questionnaire assessed (a=0.81). Data analysis was performed using Factor analysis. The result of factor on obstacles in economic empowering revealed that four factors determined about 51.60 percent (personal-psychological, economic participation, infrastructure and socio-institutional) of variation of the role of economic empowering of rural women. In addition, three factors facility economic empowering (economic participation, family consolidation and social participation and awareness) determined about 55.87 percent of variation of obstacles of economic empowerment of rural women.

Yearly Impact:  

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Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2010
  • Volume: 

    1
  • Issue: 

    2 (37)
  • Start Page: 

    125
  • End Page: 

    147
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    264
  • Downloads: 

    98
Abstract: 

Development and rural development is one and greatest goals of the IR State, that has been trying to provide the ideal platform to achieve this goals by Nine programs before and after the Islamic Revolution. However, the country's development programs; despite the different efforts, and costs, discuss from serious challenges of rural development. So, the question is why rural development still wrestles with serious challenges, and how can prepare context to achieve development? It is believed that more than 50 years planning in national and rural domain, leading to the formation of huge body of knowledge that a limited part of it, is as explicit knowledge, but main parts of it, are as tacit knowledge. Access to this part of knowledge is very difficult. By Nonaka and Takochi that called as creating knowledge cycle in knowledge management framework, tacit knowledge can be extracted and the results used in the field of rural development. In order to extract the tacit knowledge and change it into explicit knowledge- based on Nonaka Model, knowledge formation network in Planning and implementation has been identified. Finally a model is presented for establishing the knowledge systems for extraction, classification, publishing, sharing and consequently produce new knowledge to improve rural development programs.

Yearly Impact:  

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Writer: 

ANBARI MOUSA

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2010
  • Volume: 

    1
  • Issue: 

    2 (37)
  • Start Page: 

    151
  • End Page: 

    180
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    17
  • Views: 

    1016
  • Downloads: 

    265
Abstract: 

Within the last twenty years, Iran has been a country with a below average life quality in the world. From the educational and hygienic and point of view, Iran, compared with other bordering countries, has experienced further improvement. However, from an income and poverty based point of view, Iran has not been able to satisfy these criteria, compared with other bordering countries. Statistics also show that Iran has not been able to fulfill the employment and income criteria. In that last twenty years, the absolute poverty has been alleviated; however, the relative poverty, especially in rural areas, has increased. Low income, unemployment rate, and inflation have been among the essential economic factors. Moreover, eco-environmental and lack of strategic security and freedom has had a pivotal role in determining the factors that place Iran among the countries with a low life quality. In the last two decades (first, second, and third development programs) many developmental activities has been done throughout the country. Compared with the last two decade, many useful activities have been conducted in providing facilities like electricity, water, road, hygiene, and communication to alleviate the level of absolute poverty in the country. However, these actions have not relieved the poverty due to high privation and poverty level especially in rural areas. In recent years, because of high inflation and unemployment, the villagers' share from revenues and national costs has been lower than the city dwellers. Because of this, the level of relative poverty in rural society, compared with civil society, has increased more. Unbalanced distribution of wealth in rural and civil regions and some other social and cultural factors have increased the interest of villagers to immigrate to cities more. This paper explains some of the life quality criteria in the last two decades in Iran.

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Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2010
  • Volume: 

    1
  • Issue: 

    2 (37)
  • Start Page: 

    23
  • End Page: 

    45
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    3
  • Views: 

    677
  • Downloads: 

    258
Abstract: 

Rural development, along with other social and economical fields of study, has experienced different theoretical challenges. This paper, with a theoretical approach, has investigated some of these challenges and analyzed the future perspective of rural development. The purpose of this paper is to theoretically analyze the rural development approaches and to visualize the future perspective of some of the modern approaches in rural development. Thus, our method would be documental and critical study of the present approaches and theories of rural development. From 1970s, following the critical and theoretical challenges proposed from dependence schools, post modernism, feminism and social constructivism against common renovation school, rural field become prominent in rural resistant development framework. Moreover, one of the other factors in the extended rural development program and ignorance of common rural development programs is its common historical background with resistant development and environmentalism. These two theoretical fields, because of many conceptual commonalities, were integrated and developed a new paradigm called rural resistant development with an emphasis on methods that are people-oriented and aboriginal. Thus, resistance development means a development that is not environmentally destructive and it is technically suitable, economically resistant and socially acceptable. Rural development perspective encounters some challenges that may lead to the end of rural development in its classical concept. Here we have considered some of these challenges like villages and cities structures both from sociologists' challenges to rural developmental issues, and some of the other challenges that have directed the socio-classical analysis of rural development toward environmentalism and geography. Other issues like the contrast of villages and cities in their traditions may result in an informational gap between them that its negative consequences may be more severe than the contrast in industrial era, because transfer of technique in industrial era is easier than the transfer of knowledge in post-industrial and informational societies. The hidden idealism in the resistance perspective has also changed this paradigm to ideology of some movements in developed countries and this may reduce its implementation application role.

Yearly Impact:  

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Writer: 

MOIDFAR SAID

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2010
  • Volume: 

    1
  • Issue: 

    2 (37)
  • Start Page: 

    47
  • End Page: 

    78
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    280
  • Downloads: 

    96
Abstract: 

The transfer of technology from developed countries or regions to the less developed countries or regions has often been accompanied with economic and social problems. It also has resulted in indigenous people's reactions. This is because developmental models and those who apply them both aid an technological transfer and challenge the current values among indigenous people. This in turn, brings about dualism and resistance against changes. This paper seeks to support the above mentioned idea based on two quantitative and qualitative studies the writer has done in Assaluyeh and Bahregan, two Iranian oil districts. These studies indicate that, following the establishment of oil industries in the mentioned districts and the transfer of work force from developed regions to these deprived ones, modern and traditional identities have been confronted and a dual community has formed. Accordingly, the identity conflict has resulted in the cultural resistance of indigenous people against the immigrated people. They receive much welfare aids and facilities the Oil Company provides them and the same time feel the oil industry is the origin of their misfortune and problems.

Yearly Impact:  

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Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2010
  • Volume: 

    1
  • Issue: 

    2 (37)
  • Start Page: 

    79
  • End Page: 

    105
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    392
  • Downloads: 

    117
Abstract: 

In our country farming and cultivation has not capability to respond goals of the development due to limitation of water resources and soil until using new technologies in utilizing said resources be realized. In generating necessary capabilities between urban and rural societies it is necessary that possible metric of converted and complementary industries be realized in rural societies and consciously programming in economy of the country with studying this literature, Ajabshir city was selected for study. Due to this reason that the aim of this research is the possible metric of developing rural industries of Ajabshir city thus, library and field methods have been used in this research and to test hypo these SWOT model land atlas graph have been used. Finding indicates that on the basis of precedence and number of forth factors affecting in possible metric of development of rural industries, communication network with 24 weights, agriculture with 16, energy with 6, and mine with 2 allocates first to forth precedent. Considering the four factors, exists possibility of development of rural industries. Also result indicates that employed workman in transforming and supportive industries in rural districts will emigrate to family immigration (25 percent) and individual immigration (17.5) when these industries couldn’t stable.

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