Migration management refers to the planned approaches to operationalizing the policy, legislative and administrative frameworks developed by the institutions in charge of migration. In our country, the issue of managing migration abroad is important for the outflow of human capital and scientific and economic capacities, and it is necessary to know how. Considering the effective role of institutions in managing migration abroad, the main purpose of this study is to identify the limitations of this field by relying on the neo-institutionalist approach and using thematic analysis to achieve the thematic network of emigration management challenges. The results of content analysis of interview data with 23 elites and experts in this field indicate that emigration management challenges are distributed at three institutional levels including mental constructs at the level of the masses and political elites, institutional environment and institutional arrangements. Mental is noticeable on other levels. Also, the thematic network resulting from the analysis of the content of the data indicates a kind of weakness, inefficiency, failure, inadequacy at the institutional level, and in other words, a kind of "delay" and "lag" in managing immigration, which requires serious entry into this field and discourse building. It requires emigration at all three levels.