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مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID1
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
اسکوپوس
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
ریسرچگیت
strs
Author(s): 

JAMALI SHADI | MARASI MOHSEN

Journal: 

NEGAREH

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2011
  • Volume: 

    6
  • Issue: 

    18
  • Pages: 

    83-94
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    1741
  • Downloads: 

    1105
Abstract: 

Positive AND negative spaces in the timing of the MOSQUES not only create equilibrium AND balance, but also contain spiritual meanings. But, during different eras, due to influences of external effects, manifested this noble concept, has been declining.In this paper, the positive AND negative spaces based on mystical AND philosophical concepts, in the tiling frames in the mosque of Imam KHOMEINI (RA) in Isfahan, the Safavid period AND the MOSQUES AND school of martyr Motahhari as an evidence of Qajar architecture, has been studied. In addition to investigation AND analysis of the positive AND negative spaces of the tiling of the ‘’SHAHID Morahhari’’ school, decorations of this school also has been compared with ‘’Imam KHOMEINI’’ School as a well-known structure remained from Safavid dynasty that by this way, determine the rate of Changes in the transcendental concepts of visual symbols which were affected by Western art. So that by changes in the fundamental symbols of this type of tile work of art, also dramatically their concepts change AND become transformed. Using a valid index to convey the deep concepts in the foundations of decorating items to present era is so important. According to the investigations, using fundamental items like positive AND negative spaces in this school show how consistent they are with values AND deep AND conceptual criteria of the far past AND how much they have changed.Research method in this paper is descriptive analysis AND utilizes by comparison system in the idiom analysis.

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Author(s): 

KHAZAEI MOZAFAR

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2013
  • Volume: 

    2
  • Issue: 

    2
  • Pages: 

    1-2
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    40590
  • Downloads: 

    13505
Keywords: 
Abstract: 

Scientific educational research festivals are regularly designed programmes in which one or more educational or research areas are discussed. Every festival is usually focused on a specific academic domain, AND relevant activities in one specific time period (e.g. One year) are investigated. These festivals provide an appropriate situation for the scientific competition among educational AND research institutions. Scientific festivals have long been held around the world, but educational AND research festivals in Islamic republic of Iran have been organized in the recent decades to monitor activities carried out in the given domains.

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Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2002
  • Volume: 

    60
  • Issue: 

    1
  • Pages: 

    68-75
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    2920
  • Downloads: 

    400
Abstract: 

Background: Low back pain is among the most frequent medical complaints AND a major public health problem. 1.7 percent of cases are caused by herniated disc, 20 percent of which require interventional treatment. Percutaneous laser disc decompression (P.L.DD) can be considered as an effective therapeutic alternative in certain cases.Materials AND Methods: To determine the efficacy of this method in Iran in patient"s with low back pain due to disc herniation, 40 patients according to medical history, physical examination AND MRI findings were selected for this study. Patients who had canal stenosis, marginal, osteophyte, advanced disc dehydration, ruptured posterior ligament AND other contraindication were excluded. CT scan was used only for needle navigation. After proper positioning of needle, nucleous pulposus was evapourated with Nd-YAG laser. Total energy was 1200-1600j. The procedure was done out patient AND follow up has been done at 1 day, 1 week, 1,3, 6 AND 12 months. Results: There was no serious complication. 80 percent of patients in one-year follow up showed significant clinical improvement.Conclusion: Our findings suggests that percutaneous laser disc decompression can be considered as an effective alternative method of treatment for disc herniation AND patient selection is the critical factor which determines success rate.

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گارگاه ها آموزشی
Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2010
  • Volume: 

    20
  • Issue: 

    4
  • Pages: 

    302-306
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    637
  • Downloads: 

    139
Abstract: 

Background & Aims: Frequently, blood units ordered AND cross-matched for elective surgeries are not used. This study was designed to evaluate the current practice of blood ordering for elective surgeries in Imam AND MOTAHARI Hospitals in Urmia.Materials & Methods: In this cross sectional study, 895 patients underwent 29 different kinds of surgery during three months. The overall cross-mach to transfusion ratio, transfusion probability, AND transfusion index were calculated. The same indices were calculated for each kind of surgery separately.Results: For 895 patients undergoing elective surgery, 1732 cross-matched blood units were ordered. Furthermore, 222 blood units out of 1732 were utilized for 144 patients in operation rooms. Overall cross-match to transfusion ratio AND transfusion index was 7.8, AND 0.25, respectively. With the exception of gastrectomy AND debridement of thermal induced wounds, in remaining surgeries cross-match to transfusion ratio was significantly higher than acceptable value of 2.5. Highest transfusion indices were related to gastrectomy, esophagectomy AND open reduction of leg fractures.Conclusion: The current practice of blood ordering for elective operations leads to significant deviation from stANDard values. Observance of scientific principles of blood ordering can lead to a decrease in unnecessary blood ordering, working pressure on blood bank, AND wastage of blood units. It seems that the current pattern of preoperative blood ordering should be seriously reevaluated.

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Journal: 

PAYESH

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2009
  • Volume: 

    8
  • Issue: 

    3
  • Pages: 

    297-301
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    1
  • Views: 

    1588
  • Downloads: 

    328
Abstract: 

Objective(s): Lethal area 50 (LA50) index reflects quality of resuscitation process AND medical care better than mortality rate of burn injuries. The present study is to evaluate annual LA50 for evaluation AND further modification of burns medical care.Methods: Medical records of 1326 hospitalized patients who immediately referred to SHAHID MOTAHARI burn hospital following burning during October 2004 to September 2005 were included. Data including gender, age, types of burn, percentage of burn AND patients’ survival were recorded for all subjects. Frequency of age, gender, types of burn percentage of burn AND patients’ survival, AND mean age, gender distribution of burns were measured AND LA50 (percentage of burned body surface lethal to 50% of patients) was calculated with Regression test.Results: Patients' mean age AND mortality rate were 27.6 (±18) years AND 28.8% respectively. Thermal burn was the most common type of burning. After significant correlation mortality rate with percentage of burnt surface area (Pearson test, P<0.05, R square=0.756), we determined annual LA50 was 52.38%. Thermal burn is the most lethal cause with LA50 equal to 52.77. Moreover, LA50 is a little lower in female than male patients.Conclusion: LA50 AND burned patients' survival have improved in Iran, but are still much lower than those in developed countries, probably due to lack of skilled staff AND facilities, exposure to infections AND more complicated patients.

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Author(s): 

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2013
  • Volume: 

    23
  • Issue: 

    99
  • Pages: 

    62-67
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    315
  • Views: 

    1318
  • Downloads: 

    9195
Keywords: 
Abstract: 

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strs
Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2015
  • Volume: 

    5
  • Issue: 

    1
  • Pages: 

    17-21
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    22967
  • Downloads: 

    7685
Abstract: 

Background: Electrical injuries are rarely happened but it makes more harmful lesions comparing to other thermal injuries. The aim of this study was to report electrical burned patients according to electrical voltage in SHAHID MOTAHARI Burn Center.Methods: This Routine data base study was performed on patients with electrical burns which were admitted to SHAHID MOTAHARI Burn Center from April 2010 to March 2012. Demographic AND clinical data had gathered from medical records. Association between voltage AND morbidity or mortality was evaluated used SPSS v. 16.Results: Mean total body surface area of 287 patients (283 (98.60%) male AND 4 (1.4%) female) with mean age of 30±0.7 years was 13.56±0.76% (range 1-100). There were 203 patients (70.7%) with low AND 84 patients (29.31%) with high voltage injury. There was significant association between voltage AND place of injury (p=0.001).Conclusion: High voltage injuries constitute large number of electrical injuries which more of these injuries occurred outdoor AND in workplace AND need more hospitalization. High voltage injuries are related with more amputation, so people AND authorities should pay more attention to such injuries.

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Author(s): 

SAGHAEI MOHSEN

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2017
  • Volume: 

    7
  • Issue: 

    24
  • Pages: 

    99-112
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    145
  • Downloads: 

    52
Abstract: 

On of the most important factors of development of international traveling is the development of transportation AND communication.traveling by air has its own special importance.Regarding the field of transportation, Tourism, time AND place speed that planes have brought forth, they have had a vast number of consequences on tourism patterns, because it takes less than 24 hours to travel across the world from any place.In fact there has been a reduction in both time AND money finance to travel by air. yet the effects of traveling by air are not always the same.So in this article in order to analyze the above mentioned subject, the EMAM KHOMEINI international Airport has been selected, as a case study AND the most important airport of the country.using the number of travelers AND the number of flights information to AND from this airport to 47 international Airport s of the world, during the years 84 to 88.Using regressions time & measure AND time series Models. Also using Spss AND Itsm soft wares, I have analyzed the number of flights of tourism (regression model) the airport grading among the world airports, the number of travelers AND flights to AND from this airport has been considered (time series model).It is also anticipated that the number of travelers will be increased in coming years.

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Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2001
  • Volume: 

    12
  • Issue: 

    3
  • Pages: 

    237-245
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    2
  • Views: 

    2711
  • Downloads: 

    614
Abstract: 

Introduction: Sleep is the necessity of life AND it allocated about 1/3 of human life to itself. From about the 7 decades before, following discovery of various stages of the structure of sleep, human knowledge was changed to the form of a experimental science gradually AND they studied different effects of sleep disorder in body AND spirite from different views. On the other hAND, an increase of industrial, commercial activities nightly caused that many more people are exposed to sleep disorder all days. Therefore, a consideration to this life view increased especially in developed countries. In the center of this problem, nurses are the most indicator of shift-work group that Not only the appearance of illness effects on their health but also it risks patients who are under thier attention.Materials & Methods: A regulation questionnaire is based on a SDQ form Michigan University AND a sleeplessness from City Calege of New York "CCNY" AND Epworth sleepiness scale "E.S.S" delivered to the nurse of Imam Khomaini Hospital.Among 446 persons answered to the questionnaire voluntairly, after that SPSS soft ware performed descriptive AND analytic on data.Results: Among 446 questionnaire which has studied, More than 98% of nurses were shift-work AND 87.7% of them suffered from sleep disorder, 58.3% of them were invelved in sleepiness in day-long AND 75% of them have nightly insomnia.Discussion: Results show high prevalance of sleep disorder among nurses AND more attention to them is required.Because of this, We propose to establish a centre with investigative, diagnostic AND therapy suitable facilities relating to sleep disorder.

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Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2002
  • Volume: 

    13
  • Issue: 

    3
  • Pages: 

    184-190
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    1317
  • Downloads: 

    153
Abstract: 

Introduction: The palatine fistula is the most common complication after repair of the palate cleft. It is the main cause of injury AND patients admission to the hospital due to escape of fluid, food particles residu AND air to the nose AND resulting in speech with vowel letters AND hypernasality. Materials & Methods: In this study, 28 patients with the diagnosis of palate fistula were hospitalized AND taken under surgery from 1994 to 1999 surveyed with retrospective method. Results: There were history of surgery for palate cleft in 26 patients, the patients were studied according to age/sex/technique AND type of the surgical procedures in regard to labial AND palate cleft AND fistula. There were 15 cases of anterior fistula, 2 cases o(lateral, 3 cases of median, 5 cases of extensive AND 3 cases of soft palate fistula. The surgical methods which were used previously for palate fistula listed as follow: 14 cases Wardill method, 10 cases lagenback AND 2 cases furllow method. The type of fistula was anterior in the first method AND alveolar cleft in the reminder. Discussion: The better results in furllow method or reverse Z plasty AND lesser evidence of fistula in this technique were correlated with the findings of previous literature AND recommended as a method of choice for the treatment of palate cleft.

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