The act of separating Azerbaijan from Iran in the 19th century became serious while some unknown Powers helped some Internal Factors on the base of new tribal identity excited from the language of Azerbaijani people (Turkish speech).The interesting point is that political and independent defiance in their regions took place while the Iranian government was at its weakest. Despite the fact that in both instances of Azerbaijan’s separation in the 19th century arbitrary leaders, made efforts in flourishing that region, but these material and spiritual efforts could not satisfy people from the oppression of the government. In the end, the separable thoughts had aroused from amongst the people in this province confronting with the Azerbaijani people and then broke up. In this paper, the historical background, Geographical, linguistics, religious, nationalistic ideas and the identity of Azerbajian will be deeply studied to present some reasons for the broken the independent movements in Azerbaijan. Here the question is why in spite of many reasons for separation of Azerbaji people; Iranian Identity caused those movements to obstacle? In this article, national identity will be explain, the identity that has originated from religious and national beliefs of this area.