Background: Various TREATMENTS have been proposed to treat ectopic pregnancy, but their impact on future pregnancies is still the subject of controversy. Objective: The aim of this study is to compare the MEDICAL and surgical treatment methods and their impact on the subsequent fertility results and complications in women with a history of ectopic pregnancy. Materials and Methods: In this analytical, cross-sectional study, 370 women with the history of ectopic pregnancy, (treared with single dose of methotrexate or salpingectomy by laparotomy), that referred to Al-Zahra Hospital, Rasht, Guilan between 2009 to 2013 were enrolled. 147 women responded to the phone call. The age, the number of women that needed to drug for pregnancy, fertility rate and the fertility outcomes were studied. Result: 147 women responded to the call and between them, 114 women tried to get pregnant again after the ectopic pregnancy treatment. They were agreed to the participate in the study. The mean age of the patients was 28. 56± 5. 63 yr. The fertility rates in the MEDICAL and the surgical groups were 56. 6% and 47. 61%, respectively (p=0. 141). There were no significant differences in the poor consequences of pregnancy among the two groups; ectopic pregnancy (p=0. 605), miscarriage (p=0. 605), and prematuredelivery (p=0. 648). 15. 1% in the medicinal group and two patients 12. 5% in the surgical group had received fertility treatment in order to get pregnant (p=0. 135). There was no significant difference in two groups. Conclusion: It seems that surgical treatment depending on the underlying variables of each patient, can be used such as MEDICAL treatment, without worrying about its effect on fertility.