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مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID1
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
اسکوپوس
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
ریسرچگیت
strs
Author(s): 

Journal: 

FUEL

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2018
  • Volume: 

    216
  • Issue: 

    -
  • Pages: 

    787-795
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    315
  • Views: 

    3530
  • Downloads: 

    9195
Keywords: 
Abstract: 

Yearly Impact:

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Journal: 

ARMANSHAHR

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2013
  • Volume: 

    5
  • Issue: 

    9
  • Pages: 

    31-44
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    2556
  • Downloads: 

    87
Abstract: 

Architecture of Safavid era in Isfahan has attracted the attention of many researchers and has motivated discovery of temperamental evidences. People like Steiren and Corbin have tried to interpretively decipher its codes. However, it seems that understanding the Safavid Era’s position in history is a necessity for understanding the architecture of that time.The atmosphere of the society was Shia-Iranian and all the philosophers believed in independent rational forms and “Plato-like ideas”. Wisdom of Islamic-Shia art in “Safavid era” was realized because of the tendencies to illumination, dreams, philosophy of singleness of mind and world of spirits and angles.The limbo world is between the “delivery” and the “temporal” world, possesses a special conscience place in “Shia’s Ideology. “Corbin” in his investigation of “Shia” states that the world of idea in “Shia “has is the origin of formation of a science called “mraya science” and it is the manifestation of a symbol which Corbin calls “the mirror”.Indeed, a “Shia” artist refers to the image of the heaven as the ultimate desire of a human beings and resorts to limbo as an interface between the Earthly world and the afterlife and by using the knowledge of heaven gained through the “Quranic” verses and “Hadayeth”, he reflects this image in his designs. Afterwards, he uses decoding geometry and images, which expresses his discovery and intuition in the world of ideas. So, the “world of idea” which based on the spiritual and “Platonic Idea”, has passed to the Safavid Era and manifested itself in the society.Thus, this paper seeks to prove the hypothesis that Safavid architects attempted to portray the “idea’s universe” in their masterpieces. To this end, they, first, attempted to express this ideology in depth, from Plato’s view to Molla Sadra’s and Shia’s beliefs.Then, it explores and expresses the scope of their effects on the structures of the Safavid Era by studying the decorations of the Imam Mosque of Isfahan.The first philosopher, in Iran, who has seriously elaborated on the Idea world, was Suhrawardi. His point of view, In addition to Khosravani wisdom, was influenced by the Greek philosophers, particularly Plato’s. After Suhrawardi, the Islamic philosophers in the Safavid Erasuch as Molla Sadra have expressed their opinion on this issue in more detail.Henry Corbin Believes that Shia’s teachings call for prophetic reception of Platonic wisdom. Prophet’s mission is to create convergence between earth and sky. But this convergence is figurative and is based on the Idea world. These opinions consistent with those of Sadra and Suhrawardi.In general, the principals of Idea World in Molla Sadra’s view, includes the following: Limbo is between the intellect and physical worlds. It draws form from the intellectual essence and gets matter from the physical essence. It is the intuition world. This world exists in the physical world both in the descending arc and the climbing arc. This paper explores how these beliefs are manifested in the architecture a decorations.Essentially, the religious art, especially in the Islamic mosques discussed in this article have one factor in common, their symbolic aspect. In all of them, the world is a shadow of the truth. Designs used in the decoration of mosques, is no exception. This motif is logical thinking of the Iranian artists. Through simple shapes, they have used a set of icons and symbols to express specific concepts.The mosque’s decoration is represented in four ways: Motifs flora, fauna (rare), lines, and geometric designs DECORATING Techniques which were been used are Stucco, brickwork and tiling. Tiling is seen more than the other techniques. Therefore, this paper mainly concentrates on the tile-work’s designs. Part of the tile-work is Arabesque (Eslimi).The tiles’ decoration is, sometimes, in line form. Right from its inception, this sacred art was a tool for religious expression, Hadith, different names of God and, most importantly, verses of Quran. Another important issue in tiling is that secret codes are embedded in the colors used. Turquoise and azureblueare the symbolic colors of the sky. In sayings of the Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) emeraldcoloris associated with the afterlife. Moreover, as it is believed by the Muslims, God created heaven white and white is the most popular of all colors before God.Finally, the Imam Mosque of Isfahan’s decoration indicates the following: a) Herbal designs a figurative motif of life tree given is seen in the holy Quran as a harbinger. The frequency of these motifs reveals the embodiment of the artist Msalyn that the Shia believes that the holy Quranis portrayed in the Bible. The frequency of these motifs reveals the artist purpose to embody the idea world in the Shia’s belief and the holy Quran.b) Numbers and colors used in, according to the verses and narrations, are attributed to the Heaven.c) Making earthly paradise was the common wisdom of the era’s dominant the oretical belief, because philosophy, creed and religion were united in this period.Finally, the Idea world in Shia’s belief is embodied in his doing. That is in climbing and descending in creation. So, it makes the terrestrial paradise through reference to the verses and had it has the sources. The idea world is an interface between this world and the heaven, the afterlife.

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Journal: 

ENGINEERING

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2013
  • Volume: 

    5
  • Issue: 

    -
  • Pages: 

    207-212
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    315
  • Views: 

    3207
  • Downloads: 

    9195
Keywords: 
Abstract: 

Yearly Impact:

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گارگاه ها آموزشی
Journal: 

NEGAREH

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2011
  • Volume: 

    6
  • Issue: 

    18
  • Pages: 

    35-47
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    5412
  • Downloads: 

    3708
Abstract: 

Qajar period can be seen as innovations and new developments in art and architecture. Among these developments, the growing relationship and exchanges with the West, Seeking new knowledge and new science to Iran, Special effects seen on the Art and Architecture and especially buildings decoration are in the Qajar period.Among the most important developments and New knowledge can be cited invention and log in photography, Log in and application of correspondence postal stamps and New European postcards.In this article, research methods is used description- Analysis and Studies Library in Architecture of The Masjid-Madreseh and also Field Studies To participate in the building and Direct observation. And the impact of these developments Review and assessment has been on the decorations Mashid-Madreseh of Qajar.Based on the reviews and studies, much of the DECORATING and tiling designs Mashid-Madrseh of Qajar is modeled Photos, stamps and postcards of that period.And images of monuments, Landscapes and architecture, Birds, grapes, crown, winged angels and humans, European men' s clothing, The flower vases and bowls and plates With various flowers, especially roses and lily In designs and decorative tiling And sculpted monuments seen.

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Journal: 

NEGAREH

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2010
  • Volume: 

    4
  • Issue: 

    13
  • Pages: 

    5-28
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    128
  • Downloads: 

    116
Abstract: 

Mazandaran as the first offical government placc shia sadat has embreced new merous Imam. Since there was security in the region, many Imamzadeh and Sadat, during the migration to Iran, went to the Mazandaran and continued their life. Over time, Sari as the center of government, and as one of the proper cities, has been selected by Immigrants. Thence, near 290 Seyed In «Sari» and around it are buried.Shrines and Tomb towers have been built on the graves are considered as one of the brilliant examples of Shia art. Within each tomb, there is a wooden bin, which is a religious sign, and for the pilgrimage is made. DECORATING of the wooden boxes, are very beautiful and valuable. These decoration can be classified under 2 groups that are «images» and «texts». Texts content by carving on the fund are included: «Quran», «Hadith» and «non-religious texts». Topic of this article is the survey of Quran verses used in decoration on lo boxes in shrines of imam zadeh in sari.

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Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2021
  • Volume: 

    11
  • Issue: 

    19
  • Pages: 

    183-201
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    20
  • Downloads: 

    2538
Abstract: 

Bidel Dehlavi is one of the peaks of Persian literature in the Indian style. Most Indian style researchers have paid attention to the creative themes, delicacy, and imagery, but disregarded their artistic use of language. In this article, an attempts is made to address the art of creating combinations by Bidle and the functions of this linguistic art. Creating combinations, with regard to capability of Persian language, has been practiced among poets since the beginning of Persian poetry, but in the Indian style it has become more prominent. Most of the combinations in Bidle's poetry are based on his own pen, and fewer examples of this compositions can be found even among contemporary poets. The abundant use of combinations in Bidle's poetry has many purposes. Defamiliarizing the language, emphasizing the form of speech, expressing grace, skillfully choosing vocabulary, DECORATING poems, and adding melody and sweetness to words are among them. Bidle's combination patterns in this article are: affix combinations, pseudo affix combinations, combination adjectives nominative, combination adjectives, infinitive combinations. The arrangement of linguistic combinations in horizontal and vertical axis of the verse is done with special order to make the poet's formalism more visible. The manifestation of many derivative combinations in Bidle's poetry, in addition to making his language eloquent, has created a unique identity for the style of his poetry.

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strs
Author(s): 

CHANG C.M. | HON M.H. | LEU I.C.

Journal: 

RSC ADVANCES

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2012
  • Volume: 

    2
  • Issue: 

    -
  • Pages: 

    2469-2469
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    315
  • Views: 

    3585
  • Downloads: 

    9195
Keywords: 
Abstract: 

Yearly Impact:

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Author(s): 

Sodaei Bita | Khani Hossein

Journal: 

ISLAMIC ART

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2019
  • Volume: 

    15
  • Issue: 

    34
  • Pages: 

    47-71
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    739
  • Downloads: 

    357
Abstract: 

Traditional arts such as plaster, tiling and brickwork are very important in Iranian architecture especially in mosque architecture. With the arrival of Islam in Iran, we have witnessed a great transformation in the form, content and place of the implementation of these arts in architecture, which is the result of the socio-religious context of the societies. Since the advent of Islam in Iran, we have witnessed extensive physical and non-structural changes in the architecture of mosques. Formation of arrays in different historical periods has affected the various factors, including the socio-political context of societies. The present study describes and studies the arrays of the Jameh mosque in Varamin in order to understand the thoughts of Shia religion and the process of changes in its form and content and to examine the effect of social context as one of the factors involved in this transformation. The questions raised in this study are:-What are the motifs attributed to the Shia religion in the main mosque of Varamin? 2. The social context and historical events of the seventh century. Is it involved in the use of Shi'i arrays in the comprehensive mosque in Varamin? The goal of this article is the study of designs which their symbolic aspects contain Shiite thinking. The research method is descriptive-analytical and published material is used. According to research finding we conclude on how to change the method of execution (plaster casting and color tiling), the use of natural plant designs in a complex and semantic geometric form, the theme of inscriptions (using Quranic verses, holy names Imams, and Hadiths), and the location of the use of arrays in the interior of the sanctuary to the outer space, and further elaborates and reinforces Shiite thought in calligraphic arrays to emphasize the rule of the time on Shi'a religion.

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Writer: 

ARVIN M. | SHOKRI E.

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2016
  • Volume: 

    0
  • Issue: 

    19
Measures: 
  • Views: 

    2310
  • Downloads: 

    0
Keywords: 
Abstract: 

THE HYDROGEN ADSORPTION ON CIRCUMTRINDENE THAT DECORATED WITH LI AND LI+ (IN VARIOUS SITES) HAVE BEEN INVESTIGATED BY USING DFT CALCULATIONS BASED GEN FUNCTIONAL EMPLOYING 6-31G(D) AND LANL2DZ BASIS SETS. ALL STRUCTURES OPTIMIZED AND ELECTRONIC ENERGY OF ALL SYSTEMS REFINED BY M06- 2X/6-311++G(D,P) LEVEL OF THEORY. DECORATING OF CIRCUMTRINDENE BY LI AND LI+ ON TWO FACES AND VARIOUS SITES WERE DONE AND BINDING ENERGY (BE) OF H2 MOLECULE TO DECORATED CIRCUMTRINDENE WAS CALCULATED. RESULTS SHOWED THAT FOR BOTH LI AND LI+ WITH C36H12, CONVEX FACE HAS MORE BE THAN THE CONCAVE FACE. ALSO, DECORATING WITH LI AND LI+ ENHANCES THE BINDING ENERGY OF CIRCUMTRINDENE AND H2 MOLECULE AND SO IT IS AN IDEAL HYDROGEN STORAGE NANOSTRUCTURE AT AMBIENT CONDITIONS....

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Journal: 

Naghsh Mayeh

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2013
  • Volume: 

    5
  • Issue: 

    13
  • Pages: 

    85-92
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    3300
  • Downloads: 

    1424
Abstract: 

In Islamic art and architecture, Blue mosque of Tabriz has been known to Turquoise of Islam because of its unique and highly innovative tiling. This magnificent building has been formed in the late Timurid era and the period of Gara Goyunlu. Mosaic tiles which have been used in the decoration of this mosque, are wonderful and full of freshness. The purpose of this research is to study about the tiling of this building with comparison of the Timurid era. This research has been conducted as a descriptive and analytical. The main result of this paper is considering the kind of tiling which has been used in this mosque which is the best one all over the Timurid era. Tiling of this mosque is the climax use of this type of tile in the Iranian tiling. Privileged position of Tabriz and experienced local experts is the major factor in genesis of this type of tiling.

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