Introduction: Medical ethics and professionalism is not limited to clinical course. With theimplementation of vertical integration strategy in medical education in the 21st century, conceptssuch as professionalism, critical thinking, effective communication, collaboration and self-directedlearning can be educated in basic sciences too. Methods: In this review article, the key words "Cadaveric oath", "professionalism", "Cadavericdissection", "ethical considerations" were searched in the google scholar, SID, Pub med databasesin Persian and English and from 2002 to 2017. The 26 accessible full articles in this regard werestudied. Results: Dissection hall is the entry to medical profession for new medical students Thus, nurturing them with professionalism aspects must be considered. Typically, Cadaveric dissectionlead to direct perception and deep learning of structure of the human body that itself is afundamental for disease understanding and physical exams but attention to the ethical, human andemotional aspects of it often to be missed. Dignity and respect to cadavers Emphasizes humanaspects and therefore, this opportunity should be used to develop ethical attitudes, empathy, compassion and philanthropy benefited. A cadaver belongs to person that donated it to improve medical education and community health so students must respect the generosity and mercy andHonor the cadavers as the first patient and silent teachers. Conclusion: Holding formal ceremony such as Cadaveric oath at the beginning of course ormemorial celebrating and commemorating at the end of the academic year in addition to useteaching and evaluation methods of professionalism during course is recommended to promoteprofessionalism and medical ethics.