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مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID1
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
اسکوپوس
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
ریسرچگیت
strs
Journal: 

NEGAREH

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2011
  • Volume: 

    6
  • Issue: 

    18
  • Pages: 

    35-47
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    5412
  • Downloads: 

    3708
Abstract: 

QAJAR period can be seen as innovations and new DEVELOPMENTS in art and architecture. Among these DEVELOPMENTS, the growing relationship and exchanges with the West, Seeking new knowledge and new science to Iran, Special effects seen on the Art and Architecture and especially buildings decoration are in the QAJAR period.Among the most important DEVELOPMENTS and New knowledge can be cited invention and log in photography, Log in and application of correspondence postal stamps and New European postcards.In this article, research methods is used description- Analysis and Studies Library in Architecture of The Masjid-Madreseh and also Field Studies To participate in the building and Direct observation. And the impact of these DEVELOPMENTS Review and assessment has been on the decorations Mashid-Madreseh of QAJAR.Based on the reviews and studies, much of the decorating and tiling designs Mashid-Madrseh of QAJAR is modeled Photos, stamps and postcards of that period.And images of monuments, Landscapes and architecture, Birds, grapes, crown, winged angels and humans, European men' s clothing, The flower vases and bowls and plates With various flowers, especially roses and lily In designs and decorative tiling And sculpted monuments seen.

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Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2019
  • Volume: 

    3
  • Issue: 

    8
  • Pages: 

    89-108
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    44
  • Downloads: 

    77
Abstract: 

Tuyserkan plain is one of the middy mountain and highland plains in Alvand Range, strategically one of the most important connector plains of western Iran and throughout history, especially the Islamic period, the path of the great Khorasan has been of considerable importance. This plain has been studied and identified during the winter of 2012. This study has been studied at random by collecting CULTURAL material from the area of the site in order to identify and record ancient sites and monuments. The results of the study include 44 sites from the copper and stone Age to the late Islamic period, and according to the identified surface artifacts 14 of these sites have artifacts from different Islamic times, this area has shown importance in the Islamic era but so far the plain has not been explored in terms of the CULTURAL DEVELOPMENTS of the Islamic settlements. The question now is, what are the characteristics of Islamic period in Tuyserkan plain and what is their pattern of distribution and expansion, and in what periods has it grown and expanded? The main purpose of the research is to study the archaeology of the Tuyserkan plain with the typology of CULTURAL changes in the works and settlements of the Islamic periods and it is an appropriate pattern of distribution in the Tuyserkan plain. The research method utilizes spatial analysis and field and library, analysis of CULTURAL works and materials collected from archaeological survey and study of Islamic settlements of Tuyserkan plain, it will be based on current theories of settlement patterns and archaeological landscape. The results show that the settlements of Islamic period of this plain are distributed in all parts of the plain, consisting of large enclosures as the main dwelling cores and small enclosures formed as small bases dependent on roads and arable land, in the Safavid period, the Tuyserkan plain also witnessed a growing number of settlements with the Carvansara and Bridge Farasfaj being one of the most significant monuments of that period, and finally in the Zandieh and QAJAR period expanding population and settlement.

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Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2018
  • Volume: 

    29
  • Issue: 

    3 (115)
  • Pages: 

    61-91
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    70
  • Downloads: 

    28
Abstract: 

Purpose: Aims at investigating the issues, challenges, and approaches to organizing of CULTURAL heritage information, focuses on the CIDOC CRM and its family models. Methodology: CULTURAL heritage information modeling research projects, especially the works based on CIDOC CRM and its other family models were reviewed. Findings: Previous studies on the usefulness of achievements have emphasized the convergence of libraries, archives, and museums with each other to create homogeneous models. Most of them have focused on the study of the CIDOC CRM and several studies have focused on its family models. Many studies have tried to share their experiences by reporting practical plans. From the viewpoint of classical research methodologies, many others have not reported a specific methodology for carrying out the projects, and all have tried to use semantic web tools. One of the most important challenges for users of CIDOC CRM family models was the ambiguity in the interpretation of the model and the multiplicity of implementation methods. Conclusion: Considering the maturity of the CIDOC CRM, attention to teaching the model to users and providing different guides at different levels for optimal utilization by the special interest group of CIDOC CRM are necessary.

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گارگاه ها آموزشی
Author(s): 

FARASATKHAH M.

Journal: 

BARG-E FARHANG

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2010
  • Volume: 

    NEW
  • Issue: 

    21
  • Pages: 

    86-102
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    237
  • Downloads: 

    53
Keywords: 
Abstract: 

Emergence of virtual and absent learning environments has supplied new possibilities and horizons for world citizens to access information and acquire knowledge. This new-born environment has, of course, been supported by technological changes of electronic revolution in the last decades of the 20th centuries. The revolution that is even quickly growing and flourishing in the 21th century. However, the depth and dimensions of the revolution not only is beyond its technical and superficial level but represents the deep and wide paradigmatic changes in teaching and learning. The trend of DEVELOPMENTS in information-networked society has advanced in an unpredictable speed. Now it’s argued that the progressive and advanced economy of the world cannot survive without information flow and process with computer and network. The point is that the emergence of the Internet is not just an ordinary technical development but it has a CULTURAL nature. Distant learning in new-born virtual spaces accompany communicative culture and new thinking.The aim of this article understands the CULTURAL aspects of the new-born environments of thinking and teaching-learning process as well as acquiring knowledge. It is descriptive-analytical. We used the library method to support the theoretical basis and the survey method to explore a sample from the universities in Tehran.

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Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2021
  • Volume: 

    4
  • Issue: 

    14
  • Pages: 

    27-48
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    29
  • Downloads: 

    11
Abstract: 

The settlements of human societies have always undergone CULTURAL changes in their place over time. One of the reasons for this alteration is the change in livelihood strategies as a result of climate change, in the social organization seeks change in production, technology and. . . . Among these, the most important factor should be considered livelihood and a kind of biogeography-dependent determinism in meeting basic needs, in the structure of the pattern of human settlements, so economic, social and environmental frameworks complement each other to analyze why change. Or lack of it in the biological patterns of humans throughout their historical life. Kabudrahang plain has been one of the northern plains of Hamedan province and one of the most important ways of communication between the cultures of the Central Plateau, the northwest and the Central Zagros during different periods. This plain in the summer of 2007, under the title: “ Study and identification of the ancient sites of Gol Tappeh and the central part of Kabudrahang” has been studied in a survey by collecting CULTURAL materials from the area, in two seasons. The result of field studies includes 140 sites from different periods of Chalcolithic Period to late Islam, which shows environmental and CULTURAL changes in the settlement patterns from the period of Chalcolithic Period to the QAJAR era. One of the main topics addressed in archeology is the study of changes in ancient sites and, finally, the attempt to analyze the changes and DEVELOPMENTS of habitat patterns and their causes over time. In this regard, to examine the trend of changes in settlement patterns, hypotheses based on the influence of factors such as: “ space” , “ time” and “ place” in the process of these changes are presented. However, the main question of this research is that what were the influential factors in the CULTURAL changes of the settlements of Kabudrahang plain from the Chalcolithic Period to the QAJAR era? The method selected in the present study will be the use of “ Kennethe F. Watt” theory strategies based on GIS analysis with a historical-analytical approach. The results of the study of Kabudrahang plain settlements from the Chalcolithic Period to the QAJAR era, show a change in the adaptive strategies of human groups present in it, based on livelihood patterns in location with the impact of the geography of the study area on the needs of human communities.

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Journal: 

ISLAMIC ART

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2018
  • Volume: 

    14
  • Issue: 

    30
  • Pages: 

    41-62
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    414
  • Downloads: 

    205
Abstract: 

During the QAJAR era, after establishing a relative calm during the reign of Fath Ali Shah and Nasir al-Din Shah QAJAR, the headstock was made for the production of exquisite Persian rugs. In this era, European travelers attracted the attention of businessmen and people of Europe and the United States to Iran's handmade rug. In the mid-19th C. E. / 13th A. H. centuries, an evolution in the production of Persian rugs for the supply of the world market occurred and foreign companies were interested in investing in Iran's rug production and trade. Following these DEVELOPMENTS, some of the countries that had the advantage of handmade carpet industry were thinking of developing this industry and entering into the field of competition in international trade. This competition grew in the global market since the First International War, and large carpet manufacturers have always been competing to takeover global markets, especially the European and American markets. The countries of China, India and Turkey were among the most important rivals of Iran, which in the last years of the QAJAR era were able to increase their share of the international carpet market. By studying news, content and media ads over the past times, we notice that during the QAJAR era, especially during Ahmad Shah and Mohammad Ali Shah, the issuance of Iranian carpet was relatively high compared to the rival countries. A review of the press of this time has confirmed that part of the press has been introducing and helping to overcome the problems facing Iran's rug. The sovereign look and the issues that journalists of that period endorsed is notable. That's why the problem in this research is that, how has been the content of ads, news and the process of presenting these ads and reports and that how were the issues raised and discussed, and perhaps the strategies ahead in that era, so by using that information can codify a strategic plan in the field of media as well as in the field of executive work of the country's rug. Research Objectives: 1. QAJAR era policies on Iranian rug. 2. Review of CULTURAL and artistic policies of the QAJAR era. Research Questions: 1. What orders did the rulers give during the QAJAR era regarding the export of handmade carpets? 2. What were the executive policies on the subject of rug art during this period?

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strs
Journal: 

ISLAMIC ART

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2019
  • Volume: 

    15
  • Issue: 

    33
  • Pages: 

    1-23
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    425
  • Downloads: 

    228
Abstract: 

During the QAJAR era, after establishing a relative calm during the reign of Fath Ali Shah and Nasir al-Din Shah QAJAR, the headstock was made for the production of exquisite Persian rugs. In this era, European travelers attracted the attention of businessmen and people of Europe and the United States to Iran's handmade rug. In the mid-19th C. E. / 13th A. H. centuries, an evolution in the production of Persian rugs for the supply of the world market occurred and foreign companies were interested in investing in Iran's rug production and trade. Following these DEVELOPMENTS, some of the countries that had the advantage of handmade carpet industry were thinking of developing this industry and entering into the field of competition in international trade. This competition grew in the global market since the First International War, and large carpet manufacturers have always been competing to takeover global markets, especially the European and American markets. The countries of China, India and Turkey were among the most important rivals of Iran, which in the last years of the QAJAR era were able to increase their share of the international carpet market. By studying news, content and media ads over the past times, we notice that during the QAJAR era, especially during Ahmad Shah and Mohammad Ali Shah, the issuance of Iranian carpet was relatively high compared to the rival countries. A review of the press of this time has confirmed that part of the press has been introducing and helping to overcome the problems facing Iran's rug. The sovereign look and the issues that journalists of that period endorsed is notable. That's why the problem in this research is that, how has been the content of ads, news and the process of presenting these ads and reports and that how were the issues raised and discussed, and perhaps the strategies ahead in that era, so by using that information can codify a strategic plan in the field of media as well as in the field of executive work of the country's rug. Research Objectives: 1. QAJAR era policies on Iranian rug. 2. Review of CULTURAL and artistic policies of the QAJAR era. Research Questions: 1. What orders did the rulers give during the QAJAR era regarding the export of handmade carpets? 2. What were the executive policies on the subject of rug art during this period?

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Author(s): 

Faridzadeh Sara

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2021
  • Volume: 

    9
  • Issue: 

    4
  • Pages: 

    771-797
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    41
  • Downloads: 

    16
Abstract: 

Introduction: Starting with the 19th century‘ s European expansion and colonization, the contact between Europe and the non-European world has been disproportional. As emerging from Bitterli’ s typology (1976) of a CULTURAL encounter, this contact can be captured by two inseparable dimensions: the socio-political and the CULTURAL. In the past forty years, the interCULTURAL aspect of colonialism has gained currency in scholarship. Bitterli claims that history of colonialism must reorient itself completely. By this, he means that it cannot be explained solely by the changes in power and interest and the resulting political, administrative, and economic change. Similarly, Mary Louis Pratt (1992) argues that the analysis of the CULTURAL contacts between Europe and the other parts of the world, which has influenced the colonial power relations, has been omitted from the analysis of power, and particularly so in the case of analyses starting from the non-European side. Method: The present study is to explore the specificity of CULTURAL boundary-drawing by Iranians traveling to Europe in the turn of the 20th century. The process of the CULTURAL boundary-making and the boundary itself shall be observed and be described in its historical context. Travel writing, as a literary genre, and its practice by 19th and beginnings of the 20th century by Persians traveling to Europe can contribute to the understanding of how social actors construct groups as similar and different and how it shapes their understanding toward such groups. Results and discussion: In Iran’ s QAJAR period, travel activities increased greatly, cumulating into a kind of golden era of Persian travel literature. In the numerous Persian reports of Europe, produced in this era, we find examples illuminating the tension between the motivation of assimilation on one side and the resistance towards import of stranger’ s perceptions on the other side. Since fear and fascination have always been the ambivalent tendency of Iranians towards foreign cultures. Especially the travel report of Ẓ ahī r-ad-dawleh (1900), who traveled as a companion of Mụ ẓ affar-ad-dī n-š ā h to Europe at the turn of the 20th century, is going to reveal much of the turbulences in Iranian society before the Constitutional Revolution of 1906. Despite Ẓ ahī r-ad-dawleh’ s high political status at the court of Mụ ẓ affar-ad-dī n-š ā h, his narrative appears critical and far from self-censorship. In similar conditions, other persons in the court who had the equal position did not dare to speak, not only because of losing their high rank but also because of losing their lives. What is interesting about Ẓ ahī r-ad-dawleh’ s report is the comparative perspective that he maintains in his observations of the modern European conditions on one hand and the societal situation in Iran on the other hand. At the same time, however, he remains sober about the prospects of a complete acculturation with the European culture. Conclusion: it can be argued that the travel writings have a lot to say but not discussed before. Despite this report’ s unique thematic and formal properties, this travel writing has been rarely studied before. Particularly for a Persian travelogue like that of Ẓ ahī r ad-Dawleh, which was configured in regard to a European Other and during the novel experience of alterity, it would be very helpful to examine empirical qualitative data analysis and way it had come to the process of boundary-drawing. This act is one of the first steps towards constructing something that we name it in the future “ the Iranian identity” and the (re)construction of a common history.

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Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2017
  • Volume: 

    7
  • Issue: 

    13
  • Pages: 

    81-110
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    101
  • Downloads: 

    24
Abstract: 

One of the most important industries during the QAJAR period was shawl industry. In addition to the usage of the Iranian silk and wool in producing various kinds of silk carpets and fabrics, they were used in weaving shawls. After the establishment of the QAJAR government and with the support of the government officials, shawl weaving became an important and valuable industry. Kerman, Mashhad and Kashan gradually became the centers for shawl weaving and played major roles in the growth and development of this industry. Contemporary with the development of the shawl industry in Iran, this good got economical and commercial importance besides its political and social significance. In fact, this issue could be a subject of an independent research. This study tried to examine the evolution of the shawl industry implementing a descriptive-analytical approach, relying on library resources and using the remaining QAJAR consular documents. Two main issues were addressed in this study: firstly, what were the characteristics and the usage of the shawls in QAJAR period, in Iran? Secondly, how was the quality of the shawl trade in this period? Research showed that shawls had diverse usage and functions in Iran. Due to the development of the shawl industry in Iran, its trade turned to an agenda in the QAJAR government and they began to export it.

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Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2018
  • Volume: 

    8
  • Issue: 

    1
  • Pages: 

    49-64
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    237
  • Downloads: 

    30
Abstract: 

From the mid-nineteenth century, ideological contacts with the western world, through modern educational, bureaucratic, and military institutions, laid the basis of a new professional middle-class in Iran, who has been the main trendsetter of modern European clothing styles among Iranian men. With examining historical texts from late QAJAR period, the process of appropriation and popularity of European-style men’ s suit, and its social implications in Iran, is studied here, to answer the question that what is the connection between new middle class, new civil institutions, and modernization of men’ s dress. European dress for Iranian modernists, represented a modern social and organizational perception, and was a symbolic manifestation of equality to the advanced western world, and also distinction from not only aristocracy, but also traditionalists. The aim of this study is to show that modernization of men’ s dress in Iran has had a social basis in constitutional era, prior to political changes of dress in Pahlavi era.

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