Doubtless Nietzsche has got a new figure from the view of the 20th century’s great elites and many of critics have tried to read his principal philosophical conceptions from a new look. Bachelard who is, himself, a philosopher has played a significant role in this respect. By analyzing the literal images of Nietzsche’s poems and their relationship with the four nature elements, he found out the evolution of the ideas of this philosopher and the conflicts in his paradoxical thoughts, so that he reaches the ACCESSIONAL PSYCHISM. From Bachelard’s point of view, one who takes these images not as some empty rhetorical figures but as those generated from his dynamic imagination, can then put himself in the center of Nietzsche’s metaphysics. Because by literal images, he could feel the conflict between the nature elements, the mode of their metamorphosis, the conversion of the soil element to the air, the heaviness to lightness and the falling down to ascension The importance of Bachelard is that he makes complicated and abstract concepts such as voluntary power, superhuman, vital force, the eternal return, more concrete and tangible due to poetic metaphors.