Context: hydatid disease is a zoonotic infection caused by several species of Echinococcus. Althoughmedical literature had numerous articles related to hydatid disease and hydatid cyst surgery, no bibliometric analysis has been reported. Evidence Acquisition: We aimed to perform a detailed bibliometric evaluation of hydatid disease and hydatid cyst surgery literature in our study. We extracted our data from four databases titledWeb of Science Core Collection, Korean Journal Database, Russian Science Citation Index, and SciELO Citation Index. All documents published between 1975 and 2017 were included. Results: A total of 6928 articles were found related to hydatid disease. Turkey was found to be the most productive country with 1459 items (21%) followed by India, the UK, Spain, and the USA (561, 493, 392, and 391 papers, respectively). Tunis El Manar University in Tunisia was found to be the most productive institution with 122 papers. A total of 3410 documents were detected as we performed a search in the literature of hydatid cyst surgery. Turkey produced 26. 16% of all literature with 892 items followed by India, France, and Spain (248, 219, and 187 articles, respectively). World Journal of Surgery ranked first with the publication number in this field with 66 articles. Conclusions: Researches from the regions and countries having a high prevalence of hydatid disease should be encouraged and funded to carry out novel studies. Physicians from the countries with a high publication number in this field should produce more citable articles.