The most current meaning of Irony in Persian literature is to reproach, fault-finding, guy and criticize.
Irony is one of the expressions which has been common in the life of the ancient Iranian people with lampoon, syllable, and satire, humour and … and upon which some parts of the literature works have been concentrated.
The nature of irony in Persian literature lies in most cases on the contradiction between term and meaning in discourse. Hence, it can be classified almost as figurative sense. In most cases the irony written works have been associated with lampoon, humour, witticism and epigram.
So it can be mentioned that irony is a kind of profound thought and providence and refers to a type of revolution and internal transmutation change. The word "epigram" has also been associated with a type of irony and wit in the history of our literature. The only difference is that jest, enjoyment and entertainment are regarded as the dominant essence of epigram but, while the speaking trend is apparently jests and quizzical and non-serious in irony, finally it is resulted in conception, discipline and policy. So, irony can be termed as the preaching literature in Persian literature