Purpose: To summarize actual literature data on clinical signs, differential diagnosis, AND treatment of acanthamoeba keratitis. Methods: Review of literature. Results: Clinical signs of acanthamoeba keratitis are in early stages grey-dirty epithelium, pseudodendritiformic epitheliopathy, perineuritis, multifocal stromal infiltrates, ring infiltrate AND in later stages scleritis, iris atrophy, anterior synechiae, secondary glaucoma, mature cataract, AND chorioretinitis. As conservative treatment, we use up to one year triple-topical therapy (polyhexamethylene-biguanide, propamidine-isethionate, neomycin). In therapy resistant cases, surgical treatment options such as CORNEAl cryotherapy, amniotic membrane transplantation, riboflavin-UVA cross-linking, AND penetrating keratoplasty are applied.