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مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID1
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
مرکز اطلاعات علمی SID
Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2012
  • Volume: 

    11
  • Issue: 

    9 (38 SUPPLEMENT)
  • Start Page: 

    1263
  • End Page: 

    1273
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    704
  • Views: 

    316
  • Downloads: 

    133
Abstract: 

Introduction: Application of proper approaches as a logical framework for creating core Curriculum prevents making additional information in curricula. This study aimed to introduce some useful approaches for determining core Curriculum in medical science.Methods: This review study was done by electronic searching (PubMed, ERIC, Google Scholar) as well as manual searching (library resources). key words were core Curriculum, approach and outcome-based Curriculum.Results: 105 papers were obtained.32 cases were eligible according to considered criteria. So far, Curriculum planners have adopted or proposed several approaches for determining core Curriculum in medical education. This review introduced some effective approaches in medical education.Conclusion: Curriculum planners need to use effective approaches in medical education in order to provide essential and required content for learners according to community needs. It is necessary for them to consider Curriculum revision and reduction of extra Curriculum content.

Yearly Impact:  

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Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2012
  • Volume: 

    11
  • Issue: 

    9 (38 SUPPLEMENT)
  • Start Page: 

    1091
  • End Page: 

    1103
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    818
  • Downloads: 

    127
Abstract: 

Introduction: Maps can create a deeper insight of our surrounding environment. The map can also be used in Curriculum for its reforming, and developing and ultimately improving teaching-learning process. This systematic review aimed to identify applications and benefits of Curriculum mapping.Methods: Seven search engine and websites were searched using the keywords including Curriculum mapping, Curriculum map (s), medical, Curriculum development and planning.1100 article was found and 179 articles were enrolled in the study. Then the relevant article (i.e.36 articles) were selected and analyzed.Results: 112 advantage and 111 applications were found in reviewed articles.32 advantage and 29 applications were listed after removing repetitive cases and merging some cases. The most common mentioned advantage was developing a participation culture (students and teachers participation in Curriculum). Most applications of these maps were Curriculum monitoring and evaluation from different perspective regarding to the required competencies for students.Conclusion: Various users including Curriculum planners, administrators, professors and students use Curriculum mapping according to their needs. Regarding the benefits of Curriculum mapping and its various applications in the educational system, it is suggested that teachers and administrators in each department, design a Curriculum map in a project. In this regard, computer programmers can increase accuracy and speed in the project.

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Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2014
  • Volume: 

    11
  • Issue: 

    3
  • Start Page: 

    299
  • End Page: 

    312
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    547
  • Downloads: 

    256
Abstract: 

Background & Objective: One of the most practical and most recognized methods of needs assessment and educational planning is the Developing a Curriculum (DACUM) model. Today, this model is employed, as a creative and effective method, in occupation or profession analysis.Methods: In the present study, during 3 workshops in 2 days and by using DACUM method educational needs assessment and occupation analysis was performed on the educational administrators (assistant dean for educational affairs in schools, heads of departments, and vice-chancellors for educational affairs in educational hospitals) of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Iran. Results of this process served as foundational elements to planning training programs for the educational administrators.Results: The workshop resulted in the identification of 6 duties and 51 tasks for vice-chancellors for educational affairs in educational hospitals, 9 duties and 81 tasks for assistant dean for educational affairs in schools, 16 duties and 98 tasks for heads of departments. Moreover, a list of associated knowledge, skills, tools, equipment, supplies, materials used, and desirable worker traits for this occupational category was provided. Then, using results of panels, a questionnaire was designed in order to identify the importance, learning difficulty, and frequency of performance of duties and tasks. In addition, lists of general knowledge, worker behaviors, tools, equipment and supplies, and future trends and concerns were verified by respondents and the DACUM committee.Conclusion: Finally, based on the verified results and review of the literature, a training program, based on goals, context, and method of performance and evaluation, was prepared in order to be used by educational administrators of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences.

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Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2015
  • Volume: 

    11
  • Issue: 

    4
  • Start Page: 

    420
  • End Page: 

    433
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    244
  • Downloads: 

    116
Abstract: 

Background & Objective: For greater success of the discipline of medical education and recognition of its weaknesses and strengths, performing a comparative study and utilizing the experiences of successful universities is necessary. This study was performed to compare the elements of the curricula of medical education discipline in the universities of Dundee (Scotland), Calgary (Canada), and Maastricht (Holland) with Iran.Methods: Data were gathered by searching university websites and communicating with them. The 3 universities of Dundee, Calgary and Maastricht, which had a high ranking in the medical education major, were selected as the study sample. The research model used in this study was the Beredy model that specifies the four stages of description, interpretation, proximity, and comparison in comparative studies.Results: The universities of Dundee, Calgary, and Maastricht, in stating the general characteristics of Curriculum, have clearly focused on education in the field of medical sciences. Elements of mission, vision, and value were not observed in their curricula. In the universities of Dundee and Maastricht, educational strategies and the reason for their application, and the manner of course presentation had been explained. All 3 universities enrolled bachelor students. The course of research in education was emphasized by all universities.Conclusion: Based on this comparative study the Curriculum of medical education in Iran seems complete and comprehensive. However, for quality improvement, the revision of goals and strategies of the discipline is necessary. Moreover, the presentation of courses in two forms of virtual and traditional education, admission of bachelor (BSc) students, replacement of compensatory course with prerequisite courses, and emphasizing of research method in education courses are recommended.

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Writer: 

Journal: 

J Qual Res curr

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2017
  • Volume: 

    2
  • Issue: 

    1
  • Start Page: 

    113
  • End Page: 

    126
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    1
  • Views: 

    4
  • Downloads: 

    8
Keywords: 
Abstract: 

Yearly Impact:  

View 4

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Writer: 

BHARVAD A.J.

Journal: 

VIRTUAL

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    0
  • Volume: 

    1
  • Issue: 

    1
  • Start Page: 

    72
  • End Page: 

    74
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    212
  • Views: 

    10967
  • Downloads: 

    3992
Keywords: 
Abstract: 

Yearly Impact:  

View 10967

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Writer: 

AHMADI PARVIN

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2009
  • Volume: 

    1
  • Issue: 

    3
  • Start Page: 

    97
  • End Page: 

    126
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    3
  • Views: 

    479
  • Downloads: 

    79
Abstract: 

This paper includes discussions on the concept of interdisciplinary Curriculum, interdisciplinary Curriculum at different educational levels, interdisciplinary Curriculum and structuralist philosophy, advantages and disadvantages of such curricula, interdisciplinary Curriculum based on knowledge and process, interdisciplinary Curriculum based on themes, an example of interdisciplinary Curriculum, conclusion and proposals.

Yearly Impact:  

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Writer: 

SARKAR ARANI M.R.

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2008
  • Volume: 

    -
  • Issue: 

    22
  • Start Page: 

    15
  • End Page: 

    22
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    8951
  • Downloads: 

    8618
Abstract: 

This article describes the process of national Curriculum standards reform and the progress of applying the integrated Curriculum from theory and research to practice.The Curriculum council of Japanese government received an inquiry from Monbusho in August 1996 about "reform of the national Curriculum". The council comprehensively discussed how to help children's well-balanced development and how to educate them to be sound members of the nation and the society living independently in the 21st century. In addition, the council agreed that it was necessary to constantly review the national Curriculum standards for improvement focus on integrated Curriculum. The purposes of national Curriculum standards reform are as follows:1- To help a child cultivate rich humanity, sociality, and identity as a Japanese living in the international community, 2- To help children develop ability to learn and think independently, 3- To help children acquire basic abilities and skills and grew their own individuality with plenty of scope for educational activities,4- To encourage individual schools to show ingenuity in developing unique educational activities to make the school distinctive.The article shows that the new national Curriculum standards emphasis on interdisciplinary and comprehensive learning clearly specified and more flexible.

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Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2011
  • Volume: 

    1
  • Issue: 

    1
  • Start Page: 

    25
  • End Page: 

    48
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    0
  • Views: 

    383
  • Downloads: 

    157
Abstract: 

A speculative Essay on Secondary Curriculum: General Curriculum, Specialized Curriculum or Convergence within the Framework of "Soft Specialization" The dual missions attached to secondary education makes this stage of education a particularly fuzzy stage. This fuzzy state has a direct impact on the Curriculum of this level of schooling, since the Curriculum is the main mean to the ends sought for any stage. The secondary Curriculum, therefore, has been subject to many different understandings and the result has been a variety of proposals put forth by experts and scholars to fulfill the ends deemed more relevant for this critical stage of education. The proposals, however, reach a conclusion by oversimplifying the nature of the problem or by overlooking the roots of the controversies that is the duality mentioned earlier. The author suggests that the duality needs to be taken into consideration in a creative solution to the problem of secondary Curriculum. The solution needs to stand in a middle ground that neither surrenders to the assumptions of general/uniform Curriculum advocates, nor to the assumption of those who advocate the opposite that a specialized Curriculum. Positively speaking, too, it should carry with it the defensible arguments residing in each. The author, thus, has coined the term "soft specialization" to illustrate how this middle ground can be achieved.

Yearly Impact:  

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Writer: 

ARMSTRONG T.

Issue Info: 
  • Year: 

    2007
  • Volume: 

    64
  • Issue: 

    8
  • Start Page: 

    16
  • End Page: 

    20
Measures: 
  • Citations: 

    211
  • Views: 

    5331
  • Downloads: 

    3936
Keywords: 
Abstract: 

Yearly Impact:  

View 5331

Download 3936 Citation 211 Refrence 0
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