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Title

THEORETICAL EXPLANATION OF KINDNESS AND FRIENDSHIP IN THE ETHICAL THOUGHTS OF IBN MISKWAYH

Pages

 Start Page 181 | End Page 204

Abstract

 "Kindness" and "friendship" are among the most important ethical and philosophical topics. KINDNESS, in Miskwayh's ethical thoughts, is a general title referring to the natural capacity of man for making relations and correlations. KINDNESS, being a subcategory of justice, has a social color and is regarded to be superior to justice. The best standard for evaluation is to get the highest form of actions. KINDNESS may appear in different forms and levels due to different motives such as pleasure, interest, and goodness, of which the real motive to KINDNESS is goodness. The higher level of KINDNESS is called LOVE, which is specific to God and is a result of divine blessing and inspiration. To gain this level of KINDNESS we have to practice and try to acquire ethical VIRTUEs, because LOVE is impossible to be gained without KNOWLEDGE, and true KNOWLEDGE is gained through purification and avoidance of passion. Divine LOVE, religious law, and role models to follow are very important elements in developing ethical VIRTUEs and improving the social relations.

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