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Title

MUSIC THERAPY IN TURKMEN SAHARA (PORKHANI)

Writers

MORADI M.

Pages

 Start Page 187 | End Page 221

Abstract

 This article after defining, describing and presenting a brief history of MUSIC THERAPY, concentrating on how to manipulate music in healing and recovering from illnesses.In this study effectiveness of music on Human Senses will be discussed in three levels regarding general and specific aspects; First: Predomination of feelings and senses. Second: presence of feelings and senses Third: superior foreknowledge which has prolific aspects of Psychotherapy.Then it proceeds with introducing common realms of MUSIC THERAPY around Iran including ethics based on Afro-Culture, ethics effected by Middle-East culture (Shamanism) and Iranian –based ethics.The essential part of the study is based on field study of PORKHANI among TURKMEN People which covers a historical background. Moreover we focused on the mythology of this RITUAL in various sources and anthropological study of this RITUAL among TURKMEN People and definitely the performance of this CEREMONY done by "Rajab Porkhan" as the last survivor of these RITUALs.Describing PORKHANI Stages in details, required tools and instruments, the kinds of patients attending for CURE and methods of performance are dealt with functions of music in this RITUAL. Doing this research, by referring to various theories especially FUNCTIONALISM the author had used deep field study, participatory observation along with interviews.

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