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Information Seminar Paper

Title

TOWARD DESIGNING A DYNAMIC STOCHASTIC EQUILIBRIUM IN AN ISLAMIC FRAMEWORK

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Abstract

 THE AIM OF THIS PAPER IS THE DETERMINATION OF AN OPTIMAL POLICY RULE FOR IRANIAN ECONOMY FROM AN ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE. THIS STUDY DRAWS ON AN ISLAMIC INSTRUMENT KNOWN AS THE MUSHARAKAH CONTRACTS TO DESIGN A DYNAMIC STOCHASTIC GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM MODEL. IN THIS MODEL THE INTEREST RATE IS NO LONGER CONSIDERED AS A MONETARY POLICY INSTRUMENT AND THE FOCUS IS ON THE IMPACT OF ECONOMIC SHOCKS ON THE DYNAMICS OF MACROECONOMIC VARIABLE. FINALLY A POLICY RULE BASED ON MUSHARAKAH IS INTRODUCED FROM WHICH THE OPTIMAL POLICY AND EMPIRICAL COEFFICIENTS ARE DERIVED.USING DATA FROM IRAN, THE EMPIRICAL RESULTS INDICATE THAT THE POLICY RESPONSES OF CENTRAL BANK TO OUTPUT GAP AND INFLATION ARE IN ACCORDANCE WITH EXPECTATIONS AND THEREFORE ECONOMICALLY MEANINGFUL .SO SPECIFIED INSTRUMENT POLICY RULE HAS TO BE CONSIDERED AS OPTIMAL IN GENERAL. THE OPTIMAL POLICY RULES INDICATE THAT WHEN THE AUTHORITIES PAY EQUAL ATTENTION TO THE INFLATION AND OUTPUT GAPS THE MINIMUM LOSS IS OCCURRED.

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