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Title

A COMPARISON OF META- COGNITION AND TOLERANCE OF AMBIGUITY IN ANTECEDENT AND NON- ANTECEDENT PRISONERS WITH THAT IN THE GENERAL POPULATION

Pages

 Start Page 153 | End Page 187

Abstract

 The purpose of this study is to compare META-COGNITION and TOLERANCE OF AMBIGUITY between prisoners with and without previous convictions (records) and the non prisoner population of Kermanshah. For this, 77 PRISONERS WITH PREVIOUS CONVICTIONS, 72 with previous convictions and 75 non-prisoners among the people of Kermanshah have participated voluntarily in the research and filled in the metacognition questionnaire and TOLERANCE OF AMBIGUITY scale.Results of multivariate analyses of variance (MANOVA) indicate that the mean of positive worry beliefs and beliefs about the need of competence to control thoughts and danger in normal people was higher than in prisoners without previous records and, among them and prisoners without previous records was higher than prisoners with previous records. The mean of beliefs about the uncontrollability of thoughts and risk in prisoners with and without previous records was higher than in non-prisoners. The mean of TOLERANCE OF AMBIGUITY in prisoners without previous records and non-prisoners was higher than in prisoners with previous records and in non-prisoners was even higher than in PRISONERS WITHOUT PREVIOUS CONVICTIONS. But no meaningful difference between the means of cognitive self- consciousness and of cognitive confidence was found between the three groups of participants.

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