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Title

QUALITATIVE METHOD AND THEORIZATION

Writers

MONADI MORTEZA

Pages

 Start Page 107 | End Page 134

Abstract

 One of the scientific problems in human sciences in the majority of non- Western societies including our society is the lack of indigenous theories based on the cultural system of the society. The lack of an indigenous theory entails some problems, the most important of which is the lack of proper understanding of psychological and sociological characteristics of people and society as well as social institutions. Why we cannot develop indigenous theories? There are various reasons, the most important of which is the use of RESEARCH METHOD. In our society, most researches are carried out by quantitative method which is meaningful in the positivist paradigm. We believe that if drawing upon existing foreign theories, a number of researches based on QUALITATIVE METHOD could provide a deep understanding of different sectors of society including structures and functions; this would pave the way for developing theories by our researchers. The study and comparison of some scientific articles authored by Iranian and French researchers in the fields of sociology, psychology and pedagogy show that Iranian researches mostly use non-Iranian or Western theories, while their French counterparts use the theories formulated by French theoreticians. On the other hand, our researchers gather their data by using quantative method, especially standard questionnaires, while foreign researchers mostly use QUALITATIVE METHODs relying upon content analysis methods.

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