Journal Paper

Paper Information

Journal: گوارش
Year:1379 | Volume:5 | Issue:(پیاپی 28-27)
Start Page:81 | End Page:85

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Information Journal Paper

Title

PREVALENCE OF GALLSTONE DISEASE IN IRAN

Writers

MASARAT S.

Pages

 Start Page 81 | End Page 85

Abstract

 Background: PREVALENCE of GALLSTONE DISEASE is different depending on the geographic region involved. Few studies have been published about the frequency of GALLSTONE DISEASE in Asia but not from IRAN. The aim of this study is to examine the PREVALENCE of this disease in IRAN.Material and Method: Four hundred and seventy seven nomads from southern IRAN and 513 industrial labourers older than 34 yrs as well as 421 labourers from a pharmaceutical company above 30 years of age and 471 old persons from three nursing homes near Tehran underwent abdominal sonography.Results: There were 1373 men and 509 women. Eighty nine subjects had GALLSTONE DISEASE and 10.1% of them were cholecystectomized. While the PREVALENCE in the men and women in the age group 31-40 years was very low (0.3% in men and 1.8% in women), it increases sharply in men older than 60 years and women older than 50 yrs to more than ten times(12.5% and 24.6% in male and female with an age 71-80 yrs respectively). Conclusion: In IRAN, GALLSTONE DISEASE is very uncommon in the middle ages and increases sharply in the aged subjects. However, this does not reach the high PREVALENCE seen in western countries. The intake of a high fiber-containing diet, low rate of overweight, smoking habit and hyperlipidaemia are probably the cause for this low PREVALENCE.

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