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Information Journal Paper

Title

FACILITATING AND IMPEDING FACTORS IN ADOPTING A HEALTHY LIFESTYLE AMONG THE ELDERLY: A QUALITATIVE STUDY

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 Start Page 49 | End Page 57

Abstract

 Backgrounds and Aim: Increased life expectancies and decreased fertility rates have led to ageing populations worldwide. This phenomenon is one of the most important public health challenges of the current century. Previous studies have shown that identifying factors affecting lifestyle and educational needs help in designing new strategies for health promotion. This study was conducted to investigate the preparedness of the ELDERLY to adopt a HEALTHY LIFESTYLE and factors affecting it in the City of Tehran in 2007.Materials and Methods: This qualtative study included 60 ELDERLY persons from Tehran ELDERLY centers, using the focus group discussion method. Sampling was targeted and a qualitative methodology was used for analysis of the data collected. Results: The results show that different ELDERLY persons have different views with regard to what physical and mental health is .and what factors cause healthiness. They believe that regular physical activity is very beneficial but that there are many difficulties in performing regular physical activity. Most of the subjects are in the prepation, action and maintenance stages as regards physical activity. On the other hand, nearly all the subjects are in the precontemplation stage with regard to fruit and vegetable consumption, despite the many obstacles in following a healthy diet.Conclution: The findings of this study show that many factors influence adoption of a HEALTHY LIFESTYLE by the ELDERLY. Bearing these factors in mind, appropriate educational strategies aiming at facilitating adoption of a HEALTHY LIFESTYLE can be designed.

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