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Information Journal Paper

Title

EPIDEMIOLOGY OF TUBERCULOSIS IN IRAN (2001-08)

Pages

 Start Page 78 | End Page 86

Abstract

 Background and Objective: The characterization of any disease have important role for the evaluation and control strategy and programming of diseases. This study was done to determine the EPIDEMIOLOGY of TUBERCULOSIS in IRAN during 2001-08.Materials and Methods: In this descriptive cross sectional study, Annual percentage change (APC), AVERAGE ANNUAL PERCENTAGE CHANGE (AAPC) of TUBERCULOSIS incidence rate, mortality of TUBERCULOSIS, case detection rate, success percentage in TUBERCULOSIS treatment and relapses cases during 2001-08 have been studied in IRAN. Linear segmented regression model was used for analysis trend of TUBERCULOSIS and estimate parameters.Results: The trend of TUBERCULOSIS SMEAR POSITIVE (SP) incidence rate was reduced in IRAN during 2001-08. Anually, 4.1% and 3.6% reduction took place in incidence rate and relapses cases, respectively. TUBERCULOSIS mortality decreased annually by 6.8% and success in case detection increased by 2.5%. The TUBERCULOSIS treatment though AAPC is decreasing by 0.5%. The trend of TUBERCULOSIS are higher among women and in both sexes over 65 years of age.Conclusion: This study showed that trend of SP pulmonary TUBERCULOSIS and treatment success rate is decreased, but case detection was increased.

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