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Title

COMPARISON OF COGNITIVE FUNCTIONS OF PATIENTS WITH SUBSTANCE DEPENDENCY AND NORMAL PEOPLE IN WAIS SUBSCALES

Pages

 Start Page 469 | End Page 476

Abstract

 Background and aims: One of the most important side effects of substance abuse and dependency is brain dysfunction, especially abnormality in cognitive activities. This study was conducted to compare the functions of patients with SUBSTANCE DEPENDENCY with normal people.Methods: In this study, 50 patients with SUBSTANCE DEPENDENCY were selected using easy sampling method and same number of people were selected as the control group, using neighborhood area sampling. The WAIS scale was used for assessing the functions of both groups in cognitive activities. The data were analyzedusing SPSS software, version 17.Results: In all of the WAIS subscales (only Digit span), functions of the patient group were significantly less than the normal group. The means and standard deviations of verbal performance and total IQs of the normal group were 39.38±7.56, 85.38±8.38, 83.18±9.51 respectively and 32.22±6.91, 76.54±6.91 and 75.66±7.6 in the patients group.Conclusion: The results showed that dependency to substance could affect the function of patients in cognitive performances.

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