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Title

COMPARING THE EFFECTS OF ELECTROACUPUNTURE, LOW LEVEL LASER AND CELECOXIB TABLET ON TREATMENT OF THE KNEE JOINT OSTEOARTHRITIS: A RANDOMIZED SINGLE-BLINDED CLINICAL TRIAL

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 Start Page 819 | End Page 834

Abstract

 Background and Objectives: Knee is affected by osteoarthritis more than any other joints. The cause of this disease is degeneration changes that occur gradually. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of ELECTROACUPUNTURE (EA), LOW LEVEL LASER Therapy (LLLT), and CELECOXIB TABLET (CT) on treatment of KNEE OSTEOARTHRITIS.Materials and Methods: This randomized single-blinded clinical trial was performed in Fatemieh Physiotherapy Clinic of Rafsanjan during 2016-2017. Sixty patients conflicted to osteoarthritis of knee were randomly divided into three equal groups (each group with 20 samples). The first, second, and third groups received EA, LLLT .and CT, respectively during 10 sessions. Intensity of pain, movement, and the time of 6 Minute Walking Test (6MWT) were assessed during the first, fifth, and tenth sessions and 1 month after the end of treatments. Pain intensity, movements, and the time of 6MWT were evaluated by Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), goniameter, and chronometer, respectively. Data were analyzed using two-way repeated measures ANOVA followed by Tukey’s multiple comparisons test and chi-square test.Results: The findings showed that 10 sessions of EA was more effective than LLLT and CT in reduction of pain in KNEE OSTEOARTHRITIS (p<0.001). Also in relation to knee joint movements, EA was more effective than LLLT and CT in this joint (p<0.001). The finding of this study showed that EA was more effective than LLLT and CT in increasing the time of 6MWT (p<0.001).Conclusion: According to this study, it seems that during 10 sessions, EA might be more effective than LLLT and CT in reducing pain, improving movement, and increasing the time of 6MWT inknee osteoarthritis.

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