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Information Journal Paper

Title

THE EFFECT OF EDUCATION BASED ON THE HEALTH BELIEF MODEL ON OSTEOPOROSIS PREVENTION BEHAVIORS IN FEMALE HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS

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Abstract

 Background: OSTEOPOROSIS is one of the most common metabolic bone diseases and is the silent epidemic of this era.Objectives: This study evaluates the effect of education that is based on the HEALTH BELIEF MODEL on promoting OSTEOPOROSIS prevention behaviors among female high school students.Methods: In this two-group interventional study, 172 students age 11 to 14 years (experimental group=86 subjects; control group= 86 subjects) were randomly selected from Khorramshahr high schools using multistage sampling. Data were collected before the intervention and two months after its completion using a researcher-made questionnaire with four parts: demographic questions, knowledge questions, questions related to the HEALTH BELIEF MODEL constructs, and questions regarding PREVENTIVE BEHAVIORS. Data was analyzed using SPSS 22 software and by applying the Mann-Whitney test, the analysis of covariance procedure, and the Wilcoxon statistical test.Results: After the intervention, significant statistical differences were seen between the experimental and control groups in mean scores of knowledge, HEALTH BELIEF MODEL constructs, and PREVENTIVE BEHAVIORS.Conclusions: The education based on HEALTH BELIEF MODEL plays an important role in increasing knowledge and improving OSTEOPOROSIS prevention behaviors in students.

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