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Title

THE IMPACT OF OPIUM DEPENDENCE AND CIGARETTE SMOKING ON HUMAN SEMEN PARAMETERS

Writers

 NEMATOLLAHI MAHANI SEYED NOURALDIN | LABIBI FATEME | SHAHIDZADEH YAZDI ZHINOOSOSSADAT | KARAMAD ELAHE | HABIBZADEH VICTORIA | NADERI TAYEBE | KETABCHI ALI ASGHAR

Pages

 Start Page 189 | End Page 196

Abstract

 Introduction: To examine the effects of OPIUM DEPENDENCE and CIGARETTE SMOKING on semen quality and sperm parameters, the semen quality of men who abuse opiates and/or smoke cigarettes was investigated in a retrospective study.Methods: Male partners of 1325 infertile couples attending the infertility clinic for intrauterine insemination (IUI) procedure were divided into non-smoking non-opium (NS/NO), smoking and non-opium (S/NO), non-smoking and opium (NS/O), smoking and opium (S/O), and OPIUM DEPENDENCE regardless of smoking status (O/RS) groups. Two samples were collected from each subject and were analyzed in accordance to WHO criteria.Results: Subjects in different groups were comparable regarding mean age, duration of abstinence, and familial history of infertility, whereas duration of infertility was longer in all groups than in NS/NO group (P<0.05). The volume of semen, liquefaction time and pH differed significant between S/NO and NS/NO groups (P<0.05). In addition, more men in S/NO group were diagnosed to be teratozoospermic than other groups (P=0.018). Sperm progression was significant lower in NS/O than in NS/NO group (P<0.05).Conclusion: These finding suggest that OPIUM DEPENDENCE and CIGARETTE SMOKING alter semen and sperm production and quality differently.

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