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Information Journal Paper

Title

CEREBRAL HYDATID CYST AND A STUDY ON TREATED CASES IN TEACHING CENTERS OF URMIA MEDICAL SCIENCES UNIVERSITY, 1990-2000

Writers

MIRZA AGHA ZADEH J.

Pages

 Start Page 432 | End Page 435

Abstract

 Background & Aims: HYDATID CYST due to echinococus granulosus is a very prevalent disease in most countries particularly in areas where animal husbandry is very frequent. Iran is not an exception, most studies in Iran showed that HYDATID CYST can be seen in domestic animals specially in herbivorous ones. Man is considered as intermediate hosts of parasites. Man can be affected by the parasite by eating vegetable and salad contaminated by parasite eggs. After several weeks these parasite eggs are transformed into HYDATID CYST in different tissues especially in the liver, lungs, kidneys spleen, BRAIN and bone marrow, which is accompanied by some complications. Epidemiologically, those who have a very close relationship with dogs that are the main hosts of parasites can be affected more frequently. This study aims to investigate cases of the cerebral that underwent neurosurgery in 10 years.Materials & Methods: The methodology of the study is a retrospective and descriptive one. All the patients who had surgical operations in the neurosurgery department were about 500 people among whom 16 (3.2%) cases were affected by cerebral HYDATID CYST which has a correlation with international statistics and valid scientific documents.Results: Of these 16 cases, 9 were under 15 years of age, 7 were about 15 years old. Ten patients (62.5%) were females and 6 (37.5%) were males. In general from the same 16 people, 14(87.5%) were in supratentorium status and only 2 patients (12.5%) were in infratentorium status. 12.5% had numerous cysts, 87.5% had a single cyst.Conclusion: It is worth to mention that numerous cysts are more susceptible to be broken down than single cysts. As the disease is a very dangerous one, academic and health centers must do their best to give teaching and instructions to people through mass media.

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