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Information Journal Paper

Title

IMPACT OF INTENSIVE WRESTLING ON SALIVA IGA

Pages

 Start Page 407 | End Page 413

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Abstract

 Background & Aims: Professional atheletes are more prone to upper respiratory tract infections during strenuous exercise. Alterations in SALIVA IGA concentrations are thought to be involved in the development of oral and upper respiratory tract infections. This study was designed to evaluate the impact of intensive exercise on SALIVA IGA in WRESTLERS.Material & Methods: Professional young WRESTLERS and sedentary controls (n=15; each) were recruited. Height, age, body mass, and fitness grade were recorded. Athletes were tested in stages including, the first and second five weeks of being trained and the recovery period. Controls did not engage in any type of formal exercise. SALIVA IGA levels were measured by ELISA. Results: In a rested condition no differences were seen in IgA levels between athletes and control subjects. After 5 weeks of wrestling, IgA concentrations were markedly decreased in athletes than in the controls (P=0.087). In the test group IgA levels were even lower after 10 weeks of exercise compared to those at rest but it was not significant (P value=0.632). Conclusion: This study suggests that intensive wrestling alters SALIVA IGA production. It was revealed that there is a marked reduction in SALIVA IGA levels after 5 weeks of intensive activity. Although in second and recovery stages there was a difference in IgA level between two groups, it was not significant (P=0.632). As a result athletes were more prone to upper respiratory infections. It seems heavy training which may reflect a chronic suppression of lymphocyte antibody production.

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