Journal Paper

Paper Information

video

sound

Persian Version

View:

8,033

Download:

0

Cites:

Information Journal Paper

Title

NASAL CARRIAGE AND RESISTANCE PATTERN OF MULTI-DRUG RESISTANT STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS AMONG HEALTHY CHILDREN IN KASHAN/IRAN

Writers

SOLTANI B.

Pages

 Start Page 38 | End Page 38

Abstract

 Background: NASAL carriage of STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS (S.aureus) is a substantial source of human infections. Detection and treatment of NASAL carriage in CHILDREN with methicillin-resistant (MRSA) and multi-drug resistant (MDR) S.aureus may be an important modality in prevention of infections. This study determined the prevalence, antibiotic resistance patterns and risk factors for NASAL carriage of MDR S.aureus among HEALTHY CHILDREN.Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out on 350 one month to 14-year-old HEALTHY CHILDREN in Kashan city, the center of Iran. Of total health-care centers, four centers were chosen by simple random sampling. NASAL samples were cultured in blood agar medium for S.aureus and antibiotic susceptibility profile was determined by disc diffusion and E-test. Risk factors for NASAL carriage of MDR S.aureus also were determined.Findings: A total of 92 (26.3%) S.aureus isolates were obtained, of which 33 (35.9%) was MRSA and 27 (29.3%) was MDR. Of MRSA strains, 19 (70.4%) were MDR. S.aureus isolates showed 52.2% resistance to cephalothin, 33.7% to co-trimoxazole, 26.1% to clindamycin, 26.1% to ciprofloxacin, 4.3% to vancomycin and 35.9% to oxacillin. Risk factors for NASAL carriage of MDR S.aureus were antibiotic use during recent 3 months (P<0.006), family size more than 4 members (P<0.044) and parental smoking (P<0.045).Conclusion: MDR S.aureus was not uncommon among HEALTHY CHILDREN in Kashan and prevention of its spread in population is judicious.

Cites

  • No record.
  • References

  • No record.
  • Related Journal Papers

  • No record.
  • Related Seminar Papers

  • No record.
  • Related Plans

  • No record.
  • Recommended Workshops






    File Not Exists.