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Information Journal Paper

Title

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF MINDFULNESS-BASED COGNITIVE THERAPY IN PATIENTS WITH PANIC DISORDER: A RANDOMIZED CONTROL TRIAL

Pages

 Start Page 950 | End Page 958

Abstract

 Background & Aims: Since mindfulness may be effective in basic mechanisms of PANIC DISORDER, this study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy as an adjunct to drug treatment in patients with PANIC DISORDER.Materials & Methods: This pre-experimental study included pre-test/post-test control group (waiting list) and follow-up. Thirty panic patients were selected and randomly assigned into experimental and control groups. Both groups had the same type and dose of medication. The experimental group received MBCT and the control group were on a waiting list. The panic belief inventory, Beck Anxiety Inventory, and the Beck Depression Inventory were used to collect the data and then the data were analyzed using covariance analysis.Results: After treatment, scores of the experimental group patients revealed significant reduction in severity of symptom, anticipatory anxiety, body catastrophizing, emotional catastrophizing and selfdiscontent subscales of PANIC DISORDER (p<0.05). Also, the changes in two-month follow up were persistent.Conclusion: Therefore, mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, by affecting cognitive mechanisms and components that are involved in PANIC DISORDER, can be effective in improvement of patients with PANIC DISORDER.

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