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Information Journal Paper

Title

COMPARISON BETWEEN FOUR METHODS OF PREOXYGENATION IN PEDIATRIC ANESTHESIA

Pages

 Start Page 38 | End Page 44

Abstract

 Background: PREOXYGENATION with 100% oxygen before rapid sequence induction in PEDIATRICS is recommended because of low oxygen reserve and high oxygen consumption. The aim of this study was to compare four different PREOXYGENATION techniques in PEDIATRICS: the traditional technique of 1, 2, 3 and 4 minutes tidal volume breathing.Materials and methods: 60 infants were randomly allocated into four groups and preoxygentated in tidal volume in 4 different times (1, 2, 3 and 4 minutes).Oxygen saturation measured in room air before and after PREOXYGENATION. Desaturation time to 98%, 95%, 92% and 90% were measured.Results: There was no significant difference between groups in sex, ASA class, mean age, heart rate and O2 saturation before and after PREOXYGENATION (p<0.05).ANOVA test shows significant difference between 4 min and other groups in desaturation time to 98%, 95%, 92% and 90% (p<0.0001).Conclusion: As a result of low respiratory reserve and twice oxygen consumption in PEDIATRICS 4 minutes PREOXYGENATION should be considered in order to maximize time for intubation period.

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