Journal Paper

Paper Information

Journal: فلسفه
Year:2009 | Volume: | Issue:
Start Page: | End Page:

video

sound

Persian Version

View:

9,982

Download:

9,841

Cites:

Information Journal Paper

Title

A NEW CRITICAL THEORY? HABERMAS AND THE SEARCH FOR THE NORMATIVE FOUNDATIONS

Writers

MESBAHIAN HOSSEIN

Pages

 Start Page 35 | End Page 61

Abstract

 In this paper, I analyze HABERMAS’s reconstruction of critical theory of society and the need for a theory of communicative action. Here, three major themes have guided my approach. First, I have tried to define a structure within which HABERMAS’s project to reconstruct a NORMATIVE GROUNDWORK for a critical theory of society can be evaluated. Second, I show that HABERMAS constructs an apparent difference between “action oriented to reaching understanding” and “action oriented to success” in order to develop his next argument, which places communicative actions as the original system of integration for the modern social order. Third, I evaluated HABERMAS’s conception of critical theory in relation to its own criteria: that is, PRACTICE. Here, three major points has been taken into account simultaneously. The first point is HABERMAS’s intention. For HABERMAS, the relation between theory and PRACTICE is not artificial, since theory only has a mediated access to PRACTICE by contributing to practical discourse and reflection. This is why HABERMAS speaks of “the idea of a theory of society conceived with a practical intention.”The second point is HABERMAS’s theoretical approach to the problem of PRACTICE. HABERMAS argues that a critical theory, instead of trying to direct political action, should offer knowledge from which participants in a discourse can draw to help them reaching an understanding about their common situation. The third point is the sociohistorical background of HABERMAS’s critical theory, or what HABERMAS describes as his “psychology of research” that is to bring back confidence to the emancipatory potential of Occidental rationalism.

Cites

  • No record.
  • References

  • No record.
  • Related Journal Papers

  • No record.
  • Related Seminar Papers

  • No record.
  • Related Plans

  • No record.
  • Recommended Workshops