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Title

HISTORICAL PIE: BORAGE, A FORGOTTEN IRANIAN HERITAGE NOW USED IN ARDS TREATMENT

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Abstract

 Borage (Borago officinalis) is an herb originating in Iran and some Mediterranean countries of West Asia but found almost all over the world. It grows to a height of 60–100 cm. It has blue, star-shaped flowers. The anti-inflammatory properties of borage are attributed to gamma linolenic acid (GLA) which is found in its seeds. GLA converts to a hormonelike substance called prostaglandin E1 which has anti-inflammatory and vasodilator properties. Borage is the highest known plant-based source for GLA (17-28%). Other substances found in borage seed are linoleic acid (35-38%), oleic acid (16- 20%), palmitic acid (10-11%), stearic acid (3.5-4.5%), eicosenoic acid (3.5-5.5%), erucic acid (1.5-3.5%), and nervonic acid (1.5%)…..

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