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Title

‘MULTIPLE HEAD PHRASE’ AND ITS AESTHETIC FUNCTIONS IN AKHAVAN'S POETRY

Writers

OMRANPOUR M. | SAHBA F.

Pages

 Start Page 107 | End Page 136

Abstract

 The present research is about MULTIPLE HEAD PHRASE and its AESTHETIC FUNCTIONs in Mehdi AKHAVAN Sales' poetry. The research has been conducted deductively. One of the linguistic introductory materials in AKHAVAN's poetry is to use MULTIPLE HEAD PHRASE in order to extend the constituents of speech and to elaborate it. Establishing lexical or semantic relations between the two head of the MULTIPLE HEAD PHRASE that has been made using ‘apposition’, AKHAVAN makes them function as the elements of foregrounding linguistic structures, and as the aesthetic elements of poetry.  The main functions of such phrases in AKHAVAN's poems are defamiliarization, foregrounding, leading the referential language to the poetic one, and creating beauty. Some other AESTHETIC FUNCTIONs of MULTIPLE HEAD PHRASE in AKHAVAN's poems are to lead the language of the poems to elaboration, to describe the antecedents of the appositions, and to create an aesthetic distance between reason and emotion. Stressing the main poetic function of the MULTIPLE HEAD PHRASE - which is to create the illusion of identity between the entities of different types- AKHAVAN selects opposition among the set of "abstract entities, objects, plants, liquids', and coordinates them with their antecedents. Doing so, he provides beautiful images which rely on creating the illusion of sameness between the entities having features of different values such as: + abstract/ - abstract, + concrete/ - concrete, + plants/ - plants, + liquid/ - liquid, and etc.

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