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Title

THE STUDY OF GEOLOGY, GEOCHEMISTRY, MINERALOGY AND EVALUATION OF THE INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS OF TORAB CLAY DEPOSIT, IN SOUTH ABARKOUH, A NONE REPORTED CASE OF GLOBAL CLAY GENESIS EVIDENCE IN PERMO-TERIASS

Pages

 Start Page 23 | End Page 42

Abstract

 The Torab CLAY deposit is located in the Bikheirkhong plain in 70km south of Abarkouh. This plain is located in the north of the Sanandaj-Sirjan metamorphic zone and it is a part of CLAY-rich province of the SOUTH ABARKOUH. This plain is in continuation of the well known Shahreza-Abade-Hambast’s CLAY belt. The stratigraphical age of the CLAY layers is attributed to Permian (Artinskian). This age is within the time of the global evidence of CLAY genesis in PERMO-TRIASSic tome. In this study, the Torab CLAY deposit is chosen as a typical example of the region CLAY deposits. For mineralogical and geochemical studies, we used XRD, XRF, ICPMS and soil mechanical methods. The sediments of the Torab CLAY deposits are a kind of highly weathered Paleosols. These sediments have diverse resources which can be the sedimentary reworked cycles or they can be the erosion products of some felsic and mafic rocks. The results of studies on stratigraphy, MINERALOGY, geochemical properties, sedimentary basin condition and geological and geographic position show a correlation between these CLAY sediments and the global evidence of CLAY genesis in PERMO-TRIASSic period. Autogenic transformations had a great effect on improvement of soils industrial properties. This soil has proper range of harmful and useful industrial elements and soitabi mineralogical and mechanical properties to be used in pottery and brick making. This soil is also suitable for pharmacological uses.

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