Journal Paper

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Journal: یاخته
Year:2009 | Volume: | Issue:
Start Page: | End Page:

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Title

INFERTILE WOMEN’S RESPONSES TO ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN A RELIGIOUS CONTEXT: VOICES OF A MULTI-FAITH POPULATION

Pages

 Start Page 62 | End Page 62

Abstract

 Objective: Scientific literature has identified RELIGION as a factor which can affect the practice of reproductive technologies. This study explored how religious/ spiritual infertile women responded to ART using their religious teachings.Materials and Methods: In a FEMINIST GROUNDED THEORY study 30 infertile women affiliated to different denominations of Christianity (Protestantism, Catholicism and Orthodoxy) and Islam (Shi’a and Sunni) were interviewed. Participants were recruited using theoretical sampling in one Iranian and two UK fertility clinics. Data were analyzed using Strauss and Corbin’s mode of grounded theory.Results: Three categories emerged embracing: exploring religious authorizations, faith-based decision-making and transcendent hope to attain a pregnancy. The majority of religious infertile women endeavored to explore religious scholars’ views on ART. To make decision to do ART the mainstream of Muslims and Christians deemed IVF as a kind of advanced technology of reproduction which has no religious prohibition. Regarding gamete/ embryo donation, they expressed a wide variety of outlooks including opposition, agreement, and ambiguity. The majority of Sunni Muslims and Christians expressed their objection with gamete donation. In contrast, the majority of Shi’a Muslims, who were religiously allowed to use donor procedures, and a few number of Protestant, Catholic and Orthodox participants, despite not being religiously allowed, had no opposition with gamete donation. Some participants experienced ambiguity and uncertainty. Religious women had a transcendent hope to attain a successful pregnancy, which arose from their belief in God’s blessing and miracles.Conclusion: Health professionals should be aware of religious/ spiritual infertile women’s tendency to use their belief system to make decision on ART, although a minority may not act upon religious authorizations for the reason of struggling with the desperation and heartbreak caused by INFERTILITY.

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