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Title

THE C-TEST: A VALID OPERATIONALIZATION OF REDUCED REDUNDANCY PRINCIPLE?

Writers

BABAII E.

Pages

 Start Page 37 | End Page 55

Abstract

 The purpose of this study was to explore whether or not THE C-TEST, as it is claimed, can serve as a valid operationalization of REDUCED REDUNDANCY PRINCIPLE. In so doing, an attempt was made to investigate the frequency and type of micro- and macro-level cues that EFL learners often employ to restore the mutilations in THE C-TEST. A C-test comprising five texts was administered concurrently with the TOEFL to 32 engineering students taking an EST course. Verbal protocols of the test takers were then collected. Analysis of the protocols indicated that there appear to exist four major types of cues with varying frequencies: (a) automatic processing, (b) lexical adjacency, (c) sentential cues, and (d) top-down cues. This finding shows that, with a certain degree of latitude, C-testing is a reliable and valid procedure to mirror REDUCED REDUNDANCY PRINCIPLE.

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