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Information Journal Paper

Title

RADIOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT OF THE LENGTH OF STYLOID PROCESS ON PANORAMIC RADIOGRAPHY

Pages

 Start Page 123 | End Page 126

Abstract

 Background and purpose: Elongated STYLOID PROCESS and mineralization of STYLOHYOID LIGAMENT were seen in 2 to 28% of patients on panoramic radiograph. This condition can create pain in head and neck regions or eagle syndrome in some cases. The aim of this study was to assess the length of STYLOHYOID LIGAMENT on panoramic radiographs.Materials and methods: In this cross-sectional study, panoramic radiographs of 800 patients referring to oral and maxillofacial radiology department of Babol School of Dentistry were examined for measurement of STYLOID PROCESS. Length of the STYLOID PROCESS was measured as the distance from the point where the STYLOID PROCESS left the tympanic plate to the tip of the process. Processes measuring more than 30 mm were considered as elongated. The Ttest, Spearman rho and one-way ANOVA (analysis of variance) were used for analysis. For all tests the p-value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant.Results: The average length of the right styloid was 24.74±6.99 mm and that of the left styloid was 23.86±6.45 mm. The length of both styloids increased with age and males had longer styloids than females. Elongated styloids were present in 19.8% of the panoramic radiographs, that 80 (10%) showed bilateral elongation of the styloid. Elongated STYLOID PROCESSes were more prevalent in the age-group of 30-50 years.Conclusion: The results of this study were similar to previous studies. So, given the relatively high prevalence of this lesion, the clinicians must be pay attention to this lesion for diagnosis and treatment of neck and head pain.

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