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Information Journal Paper

Title

SCORPION FAUNA (ARACHNIDA: SCORPIONES) IN DARMIAN COUNTY, IRAN (2015-2016)

Pages

 Start Page 108 | End Page 118

Abstract

 Background and purpose: Venomous bite and specific morphological features of SCORPIONs are the most important reasons for paying attention to SCORPIONs. Anxiety and stress caused by SCORPIONs and their stings are amongst the important health issues in many countries especially in Iran. This study was conducted on SCORPIONs’ fauna in DARMIAN County, South Khorasan province, Iran.Materials and methods: In this study, 21 districts in DARMIAN were sampled including plains, mountains, residential, non-residential, rural and urban areas. Sampling effort was conducted monthly in 2015-16. SCORPIONs were collected by actively searching in day and night using pitfall trap. The specimens were identified by appropriate identification keys.Results: Totally 685 specimens were collected. Five species including Mesobuthus eupeus, M. caucasicus Androctonus crassicauda, Orthochirus scrobiculosus, and Compsobuthus matthiesseni were identified from Butidae family. The most frequent species was M. eupeus (n=373, 54.5%), while A. crassicauda (n=22, 3.2%) was recognized as the least frequency species.Conclusion: Androctonus crassicauda (black SCORPION) was found as the most dangerous species in Iran, so, alongside care programs for SCORPIONism in DARMIAN, prescription of anti-SCORPION serum in cases stung by SCORPION should be done by considering the coloring of SCORPION and residential area of injured person.

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