Journal Paper

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Journal: بینا
Year:1389 | Volume:15 | Issue:4 (پی در پی 61)
Start Page:257 | End Page:262

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Title

SURGICAL OUTCOMES OF PARTIALLY ACCOMMODATIVE ESOTROPIA

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 Start Page 257 | End Page 262

Abstract

 Purpose: To determine the surgical results of partially accommodative ESOTROPIA (PAET).Methods: Thirty-eight patients with PAET scheduled for surgery from 2002 to 2008 were enrolled in a descriptive, analytic retrospective study. Patient characteristics including age, gender, refractive error, visual acuity, pre and post operative deviation, technique of surgery and follow up duration were recorded and analyzed.Results: PAET accounted for 38.29% of accommodative ESOTROPIA. Mean age and refractive error (spherical equivalent) were 6.32±3.38 years and +4.1±1.98 diopters, respectively. The prevalence of amblyopia was 54.04% and patients were followed up for 18.76±13.58 months. Mean pre and post operative deviation were 30.87±10.3 and 2.05±5.7 PD, respectively (P<0.001). Mean amount of bilateral medial rectus recession was 5.48±0.66 mm. In 78.9% of patients, postoperative deviation was within 10PD of orthotropia. Residual ESOTROPIA and consecutive exotropia were seen in 18.4% and 2.6% of patients, respectively.Conclusion: Pre-operative deviation, refractive error and amblyopia had no significant effect on outcomes of surgery.

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