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Title

EVALUATION OF MOTHER’S AWARENESS ABOUT PREVENTIVE METHODS OF IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA AND ITS RELEVANT FACTOR

Pages

 Start Page 27 | End Page 34

Abstract

 Introduction: IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA (IDA) is the most common malnutrition worldwide. While this disease is preventable, about half of women and children in developing countries and more than 30 percent of Iranian women are suffering from that. So, this study was designed to evaluate KNOWLEDGE level of MOTHERS about preventive methods of IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA.Methods: In this cross sectional descriptive study, 336 female students were evaluated in 8 primary and middle schools in Tehran's east. KNOWLEDGE level of them about IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA and its preventive methods were evaluated with questionnaire which its validity and reliability was provided. Sample acquisition was done as cluster random sampling. SPSS 16 statistical software was used for data analysis and effect of underlying variations on KNOWLEDGE level.Results: 47% of MOTHERS had inadequate KNOWLEDGE about causes, complications and preventive methods of IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA and only 8.3% of them had enough KNOWLEDGE. The mean of KNOWLEDGE scores which had been acquired by MOTHERS was 8.05±3 from 20. This demonstrates weak KNOWLEDGE of them about IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA. There were positive correlation between mother’s age (p=0.005), father's age (p=0.048), mother's and father's educational level (p<0.001 and p<0.001 respectively) and children educational level (p<0.008) with mother's KNOWLEDGE level. There wasn't any significant association between mother's and father's occupation and child number with mother's KNOWLEDGE level (p>0.05).Conclusion: In spite of significant prevalence of IRON DEFICIENCY and its subsequent ANEMIA and preventability of this health problem, most of the people don't have enough KNOWLEDGE about that.

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