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Title

THE STUDY ON THE KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF TEHRAN CITIZENSABOUT HEALTH AND DISEASE IN 2011 (KAP): OVERVIEW OF METHODOLOGY ANDPRIMARY RESULTS

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 Start Page 265 | End Page 270

Abstract

 Background: The study of their KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE, and BEHAVIOR toward HEALTH is anessential step for HEALTH planning. In the urban area, there are several concerns aboutenvironmental pollution, HEALTH status, the dangers of insecurity, and bad dietary habits. The aim of the study was the determination of KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE, and BEHAVIOR ofTehran citizens in order to plan better municipal services. Methods: This descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted on 13000 participantsbetween 15-84 years in 22 districts of Tehran, Iran University of Medical Sciences, inAugust and September of 2011. Cluster sampling and self-administered reliable andvalid questionnaire were used for data gathering. The inclusion criteria are all ofcitizens of Tehran. Age, sex, marital and job status, obesity, physical activity, hypertension, myocardial infarction, accidents, diabetes, nutrition, stroke, psychologicalbehavior, smoking, addiction and drugs, musculoskeletal, sexual BEHAVIOR, anemia, physical environment, fat blood, cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary DISEASE, dietaryhabits and socioeconomic status were measured under standard protocols and by usingcalibrated instruments. Results: From 13000 participants in the study, 11753 (90%) was fulfilled thequestioners. Nonresponse rate from 11753 participants was 8. 6%. The proportion ofobesity/overweight was 50% and 29. 5% of people had appropriate physical exercise, 37. 6% reported a tobacco consumer in their family and 4. 5% reported an experience ofsubstance misuse. Also, 29. 2% and 24. 8% from these had anomalistic consuming ofsalt and soft drink, respectively. Of the participants, 44. 8%, 89. 1% had a goodknowledge and ATTITUDE, respectively. Cronbach alpha coefficient was 0. 82 and 0. 79 forknowledge, ATTITUDE and BEHAVIOR, respectively. In additional, the correlation coefficientbetween test and re-test questions was 0. 91. Conclusion: This study was a comprehensive study to measure the KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDEand practice of Tehran citizens using reliable and valid questionnaires about generalhealth status. A considerable percentage of Tehran citizens suffering from overweight, obesity, hypertension, diabetes, high blood lipids and smoking consuming and usinganomalistic from TV and computer. The results can be used as a framework and guideto prioritize problems and planning HEALTH education interventions in Tehran.

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