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Title

SOCIAL CHALLENGES OF ISLAMIC VILLAGE COUNCILS IN LOCAL MANAGEMENT IN IRAN

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 Start Page 11 | End Page 16

Abstract

 Local councils such as city and village councils with horizontal structures play a main role in advancement of development programs. Village Councils are local councils which are elected by public vote in all villages throughout Iran. Council members in each village are elected by direct public vote for a 4-year term. These councils are the newest agents in the LOCAL MANAGEMENT of Iran. Although councils have a long past in contemporary history of Iran, considering Baladieh (Municipal) and city councils, they hadn't institutionalization and strong and effective social roots. Therefore, they couldn't have an effective role in SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT programs. Village councils can play a major role in rural development, but they have been less noted than city councils with an analytical approach. This documentary article studied official documents and research reports in the field of Islamic village councils in Iran. The aim is identification and analysis of problems and challenges of the councils in SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT. The main challenges of these organizations are the limited share of women in rural management (despite their considerable population in villages), low levels of HUMAN CAPITAL among councilors and also among villagers, migration of councilors and the young people from rural areas to cities, and also reduction of SOCIAL CAPITAL between councils and villagers. Institutionalization and strengthening rural management, reducing administrative centralization, , and some programs such as allotting a quota to women in LOCAL MANAGEMENT organizations are among the article suggestions for a better and effective local organization in sustainable rural development.

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