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Title

A Sociological Study of the Mediating Role of Cultural and Symbolic Capitals in the Impact of Economic Capital on the Incidence of Risky Behaviors among Youth in the City of Tabriz

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Abstract

 The emergence of Risky Behaviors in young people in recent decades is a serious threat to individual and social health of the individual, which can present major problems to the life cycle of this stratum. Therefore, in the present study, based on the theoretical approach of Pierre Bourdieu, the mediating role of cultural and Symbolic Capitals on the impact of Economic Capital on the incidence of high-risk behaviors among the Youth of Tabriz city has been addressed. The research method is survey and the research population of this study includes all individuals aged 15-34 years old in Tabriz city which numbered 579694 people, of which, using the Cochran statistical formula, 630 individuals were selected as sample via a multi-stage sampling technique. The data gathering tool was a researcher-made questionnaire. To assess the reliability of the questionnaire, formal and structural validity were used, and the reliability of the questionnaire was calculated using Cronbach's alpha, and the reliability coefficients for all variables were higher than 0. 7. Also, SPSS-22 and Smart-PLS software were used to analyze the data. The results of the research showed that the components of Cultural Capital (Embodied and objectified dimension), Symbolic Capital and Economic Capital were significantly correlated with the incidence of high-risk behaviors at a significant level of less than 0. 01. The type of relationship is also negative and inverse. According to the structural equation model, the variables in the model have been able to directly and indirectly explain 15. 7% of the variations in Risky Behaviors.

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