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Title

INVESTIGATING SEDATIVE, PREANAESTHETIC & ANTI-ANXIETY EFFECTS OF HERBAL EXTRACT OF CANNABIS SATIVA IN COMPARISON WITH DIAZEPAM IN RATS

Pages

 Start Page 912 | End Page 919

Abstract

 Introduction: CANNABIS SATIVA is a plant that is Called Cannabis in Persian and has diversity all over the world. This plant grows in North region, Arak and Kashan in Iran. Chemical compounds of this plant are cannabidiol, cannabidiolic acid and tetra hydro cannabinol that cause the increase in duration of anesthesia via injection of anesthesia drugs. This effect shows the effectiveness of this plant extraction for sedation and smoothing. It is claimed that the usage of this drug for preanesthesia causes the reduction of anesthesia duration induction and increases anesthesia persistency. It seems that Cannabis and its compounds have effects on sleep through hypothalamus and posterior nucleus hemisphere.Methods: herbal extract of CANNABIS SATIVA (with doses of 150, 300, 450mg/kg, IP), DIAZEPAM (with dose of 1.2mg/kg, IP), and Di-methyl sulphoxide with the equal volume was injected intraperitoneally into two different groups of male wistar rats 30 minutes before assessing the relief SEDATIVE and preanaesthetic effects (induced sleep duration by ketamine 40mg/kg, ip) & ANTI-ANXIETY effects (using elevated plus MAZE).Results: The results showed a meaningful increase in the period of the sleep time that had been induced with Ketamine and also a meaningful increase was observed in the time spent at open arms in the treatment groups with high and low dose of extract.Conclusion: The results showed that the CANNABIS SATIVA extract with dose of 350mg/kg has SEDATIVE, preanaesthetic & ANTI-ANXIETY effects.

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