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The Correlation between Happiness and Spiritual Health with Academic Self-Efficacy among Medical Sciences Students


 Start Page 19 | End Page 24


 Background: Successful accomplishment of a task or an assignment needs Academic Self-Efficacy. This study was designed to examine the relationship between Happiness and spiritual well-being with Academic Self-Efficacy among the students of Shahrud University of Medical Sciences. Methods: We randomly selected 500 students in this cross-sectional study by employing spiritual well-being, Happiness, and Academic Self-Efficacy questionnaires in 2018. We applied the SPSS 16 software to analyze the collected data using ANOVA, Chi-square, and Pearson Correlation tests. The significance level was considered 0. 05 in all tests. Results: The mean scores obtained for spiritual health and Happiness were at a moderate level, accounting for 89. 56± 16. 11 and 39. 95± 12. 52, respectively, while the Academic Self-Efficacy mean score was assessed to be high and equal to 109. 32± 18. 44. We found a significant relationship between spiritual well-being and Happiness with Academic Self-Efficacy (P=0. 001). The variables of Happiness and gender appeared to be significant in the logistic regression final model. According to the results, women had a potential to show higher Self-Efficacy 1. 8 times more than men. In addition, the rate of Self-Efficacy increased by 5% per every 1 score increase in Happiness (OR=1. 05). Conclusions: Due to the fact most of students showed a moderate level of spiritual health and Happiness and over a third of students had a moderate level of Academic Self-Efficacy, we need to further focus on spiritual health and Happiness. Obviously, improving these two factors will be a key in improving the Academic Self-Efficacy.


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