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Title

Prediction of Severity of Cardiovascular Disease based on Resilience, Spiritual Well-being and Social Support

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 Start Page 34 | End Page 45

Abstract

 Background and Objective: Biological and psychological factors are associated with Cardiovascular Disease. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of Resilience, Spiritual Well-being and Social Support in predicting the severity of Cardiovascular Disease. Methods and Materials: A total of 327 patients with coronary artery stenosis (138 women, 189 men) participated in this study. The Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC), the Spiritual Well Being Scale (SWBS), and the Multidimensional Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) Scale and Geszin score were used to measure the severity of Cardiovascular Disease in order to collect data. Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation and stepwise regression. Results: The results of the study showed that there is a significant negative correlation between Resilience, Spiritual Well-being and Social Support with the severity of Cardiovascular Disease; that is, with increasing Resilience, Spiritual Well-being and Social Support, the severity of Cardiovascular Disease decreases. In regression analysis after controlling risk factors, among the three variables analyzed, Resilience and Spiritual Well-being had the ability to predict the severity of Cardiovascular Disease, and Social Support did not have such an ability, so that Resilience and Resilience along with spiritual health, respectively, explained 28% and 35% of the severity of Cardiovascular Disease severity (p<0. 01). Conclusion: Based on the findings of this research, it can be concluded that along with the biological factors, consideration of the role of Resilience, Spiritual Well-being and Social Support psychological factors in preventive and therapeutic interventions related to Cardiovascular Diseases is a special necessity.

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