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Title

ASSOCIATION OF JUNK FOOD CONSUMPTION WITH HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE AND OBESITY IN IRANIAN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS: THE CASPIAN-IV STUDY

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 Start Page 212 | End Page 212

Abstract

 Background: This study aims to evaluate the association of JUNK FOOD consumption with hypertension and OBESITY in a national sample of Iranian children and adolescents.Methods: This nationwide study was conducted in 2011-2012 among 14, 880 students, aged 6-18 years, selected by cluster sampling from 30 provinces. Weight, height, waist circumference (WC), hip circumference (HC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), waist-to- height ratio (WHtR), as well as systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP) were measured.JUNK FOOD is divided into 4 categories including salty snacks, sweets, sweetened beverages, and fast food. Subjects reported how many times they had consumed each item (daily, weekly, and seldom).Results: The intake of sweets was significantly associated with anthropometric indices and BP levels. Moreover, a significant association existed between fast food consumption, BP levels and anthropometric indices (except for WHtR and WHR). Sweet beverages consumption was significantly associated with anthropometric indices; however the consumption of salty snacks was only significantly associated with height, HC and WHR. The risk of general OBESITY (OR: 0.75, 95%CI: 0.65-0.87) and abdominal OBESITY (OR: 0.81, 95%CI: 0.72-0.92) among participants who seldom consumed sweets was less than those who consumed daily. Also, the risk of general OBESITY (OR: 0.85, 95%CI: 0.74-0.97) among students that seldom consumed sweetened beverages was less than subjects who consumed them on a daily basis.Conclusion: We found that JUNK FOOD consumption increased the risk of both general and abdominal OBESITY; therefore consumption of JUNK FOOD should be reduced via restricting TV advertisements and increasing taxes on JUNK FOODs.

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