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Title

NUTRITIONAL ASSESSMENT OF CANCER PATIENTS WITH STANDARD TOOLS PG-SGA 1024 PATIENTS IN IRAN

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 Start Page 151 | End Page 151

Abstract

 Background: CANCER is a main reason mortality and morbidity in all of the world. weight loss and malnutrition are common among CANCER patients, these two factors greatly affecting survival and quality of life during treatment. the present study has been conducted in 2014 on a sample of CANCER patients in oncology centers of Iran to determine the prevalence rates of malnutrition and the factors affecting it.Methods: The PG-SGA standard questionnaire was administered to 1024 CANCER patients to evaluate their nutrition status and determine the frequency of each malnutrition stage. Correlations and chi score tests were used to analyze the relationship between factors and weight loss and how they might affect the development of malnutrition.Results: the prevalence of malnutrition among patients was 80% out of which 53% had moderate and 27% had severe malnutrition. The most common factors inducing nutritional symptoms were dry mouth, depression and anorexia. Some 36.1% of the patients had weight loss in the last month and 42.1% had weight loss in the 6 last month. The average PG-SGA score was 8.89 with 34 being the highest.26.3% percent of patients scored over 9 (requiring critical nutrient intervention), 52.6% scored that requires intervention by dietitian and 20.3% scored that no intervention required at this time.Conclusion: malnutrition, weight loss and nutritional problems in CANCER patients is prevalent in Iran. Therefore, periodical assessment by PG-SGA to detect malnutrition in patients should be made so that appropriate nutritional interventions can be provided.

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